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Pakistan Journal of Nutrition
  Year: 2018 | Volume: 17 | Issue: 4 | Page No.: 163-170
DOI: 10.3923/pjn.2018.163.170
Anthropometric Indicators for Blood Pressure and the Prevalence of Hypertension in Indonesian College Students Aged 18-25 Years
Janatin Hastuti, Neni Trilusiana Rahmawati and Rusyad Adi Suriyanto

Abstract:
Background and Objective: Anthropometric measures have been reported to be associated with elevated blood pressure. Understanding these factors may prevent the increasing level of hypertension. This study aimed to examine some anthropometric indicators for blood pressure and the prevalence of hypertension in Indonesian college students (18-25 years) in Yogyakarta. Materials and Methods: A total of 209 male and 258 female students (18-25 years) in Yogyakarta participated in this study. Weight, stature, circumferences at mid upper arm (MUAC), wrist, waist, hips, total of four skinfolds and systolic and diastolic blood pressure were measured. Body mass index (BMI), body frame index, waist-to-hip ratio (WHR) and waist-to-stature ratio (WSR) were determined. Analyses of t-test, chi-square test and simple and multiple linear regression analyses were conducted. Results: The prevalence of hypertension was low (14.0% in boys, 1.6% in girls), but that of prehypertension was high (43.0% in boys, 18.1% in girls). All anthropometric measures (weight, MUAC, wrist circumference, WC, HC, skinfold thickness, BMI and WSR) except for stature and WHR were significantly associated with systole and diastole in boys and systole in girls (r= 0.13 - 0.32, p<0.05, p<0.01, respectively). The BMI and MUAC were the strongest predictors of systole in boys and girls, respectively. Diastole was predicted better by weight and MUAC together and weight alone in boys and weight in girls. Conclusion: The prevalence of hypertension was higher in boys than in girls. All anthropometric measures except stature and WHR were significantly associated with systole and diastole in boys and systole in girls. The BMI in boys and MUAC in girls were the strongest contributors in systole, whereas, weight and MUAC in boys and weight in girls were the strongest predictors of diastole.
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How to cite this article:

Janatin Hastuti, Neni Trilusiana Rahmawati and Rusyad Adi Suriyanto, 2018. Anthropometric Indicators for Blood Pressure and the Prevalence of Hypertension in Indonesian College Students Aged 18-25 Years. Pakistan Journal of Nutrition, 17: 163-170.

DOI: 10.3923/pjn.2018.163.170

URL: https://scialert.net/abstract/?doi=pjn.2018.163.170

COMMENTS
25 November, 2018
yusrizarni:
this document relevant to my thesis. may I get this journal?
 
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