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Pakistan Journal of Nutrition
  Year: 2017 | Volume: 16 | Issue: 7 | Page No.: 544-549
DOI: 10.3923/pjn.2017.544.549
Prevalence of Hypertension and its Association with Nutritional Factors Among University Students in Shah Alam, Malaysia
Hasanain Faisal Ghazi, Maged Elnajeh, Mohammed AbdalQader, Mohammed Faez Baobaid and Abdullah Bin Omar

Abstract:
Objective: This study aimed to examine the association of nutritional and lifestyle factors with the prevalence of hypertension among University students in Shah Alam, Malaysia. Materials and Methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted among students from different departments using self-administered questionnaires that concerned socio demographic information, nutritional habits and lifestyle factors. Blood pressure and anthropometric measurements were recorded using calibrated equipment. Results: A total of 410 students (111 males and 299 females) participated in the study. The results showed that 41 students (10%) had hypertension and of these 51.2% were male and 48.8% were female. There was no significant association between gender and hypertension (p<0.001). However, nutritional status and waist circumference were associated with hypertension status (p<0.015, p = 0.015, respectively). After logistic regression analysis, the only two factors found to be associated with hypertension were gender and waist circumference. Conclusion: The prevalence of hypertension among University students in this study was 10%. Given the young age of the respondents, this prevalence is relatively high and suggests that health education program about maintaining a healthy lifestyle should be arranged for University students.
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How to cite this article:

Hasanain Faisal Ghazi, Maged Elnajeh, Mohammed AbdalQader, Mohammed Faez Baobaid and Abdullah Bin Omar, 2017. Prevalence of Hypertension and its Association with Nutritional Factors Among University Students in Shah Alam, Malaysia. Pakistan Journal of Nutrition, 16: 544-549.

DOI: 10.3923/pjn.2017.544.549

URL: https://scialert.net/abstract/?doi=pjn.2017.544.549

 
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