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Pakistan Journal of Nutrition
  Year: 2017 | Volume: 16 | Issue: 1 | Page No.: 45-50
DOI: 10.3923/pjn.2017.45.50
 
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Association of the Zinc Content in Hair of School-age Children with the Types of Soil, Age, Sex, Weight and Height in Indonesia

Sunar

Abstract:
Background: Zinc deficiency, especially in infants and young children has received global attention. Zinc deficiency is the 5th leading cause of death and disease in the developing world. Zinc has emerged as the most widespread micronutrient deficiency in soils and crops worldwide, resulting in severe yield losses and deterioration in nutritional quality. Materials and Methods: This study was carried out on hair samples of as many as 329 school-aged children (5.5-14 years) residing in eight villages in the provinces of West Java and Banten, Indonesia. There were three types of soil in the research location, namely Entisol, Inceptisol and Alfisol. Hair samples of each child were collected and the age, sex, weight and height, as well as the residence or location of the village were recorded and measured. The Zn content in the hair was measured using Atomic Absorption Spectroscopy (AAS). Results: Chi-squared test was used to test the associations with the following trends: Between the Zn content levels in the hair and types of soil, a significant association was shown with a p = 0.019 (<0.05), between the Zn content levels in the hair and sex, a significant association was shown with a p = 0.015 (<0.05), however, between age and the Zn level, height and the Zn level and weight and the Zn level, significant associations were not found (p = 0.092, 0.181 and 0.291, respectively). Conclusion: The level of Zn in the hair of school-aged children was determined by the type of soil where they live. There was an association between sex and the Zn level in the hair. However, there was no association between age and the Zn level, height and the Zn level and weight and the Zn level.
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How to cite this article:

Sunar , 2017. Association of the Zinc Content in Hair of School-age Children with the Types of Soil, Age, Sex, Weight and Height in Indonesia. Pakistan Journal of Nutrition, 16: 45-50.

DOI: 10.3923/pjn.2017.45.50

URL: https://scialert.net/abstract/?doi=pjn.2017.45.50

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