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Pakistan Journal of Nutrition
  Year: 2017 | Volume: 16 | Issue: 1 | Page No.: 38-44
DOI: 10.3923/pjn.2017.38.44
 
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Effect of International and Indonesian Fast Foods on Plasma Ghrelin and Glucagon Like Peptide-1 (GLP-1) Levels, Hunger and Satiety Scores is Similar in Obese Adults

D. Handayani, L.D.A. Oktafiani, R.T. Abednego and S. Andarini

Abstract:
Background and Objective: The desire for food is regulated by appetite-associated hormones such as ghrelin and glucagon-like peptide-1 (GLP-1). Hormone release is influenced by the energy density of and macro-nutrients in food. This study assessed the effects of international and Indonesian fast food on ghrelin and GLP-1 levels, which contribute to the perception of hunger and satiety, in obese individuals. Materials and Methods: A total of 16 obese individuals were provided international fast food; after a week, the subjects were provided Indonesian fast food. Plasma samples were collected and the perceptions of hunger and satiety were assessed using a visual analogue scale before consuming time 0, 30, 60 and 120 min after consuming both kinds of fast food. Data were analyzed using unpaired t-tests, Mann-Whitney U tests, Pearson’s correlation coefficients and Spearman’s rank correlation coefficients. Results: The results revealed significant decreases in plasma ghrelin levels after 120 min of eating international and Indonesian fast foods. In contrast, plasma glucagon-like peptide-1 hormone levels did not differ significantly after consuming both kinds of fast food. The results also showed no correlation between changes in the plasma levels of ghrelin and GLP-1 and the perceptions of hunger and satiety in obese individuals. Conclusion: It is concluded that both types of fast food resulted in equal suppression of hunger and increased satiety.
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How to cite this article:

D. Handayani, L.D.A. Oktafiani, R.T. Abednego and S. Andarini, 2017. Effect of International and Indonesian Fast Foods on Plasma Ghrelin and Glucagon Like Peptide-1 (GLP-1) Levels, Hunger and Satiety Scores is Similar in Obese Adults. Pakistan Journal of Nutrition, 16: 38-44.

DOI: 10.3923/pjn.2017.38.44

URL: https://scialert.net/abstract/?doi=pjn.2017.38.44

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