Subscribe Now Subscribe Today
Science Alert
 
FOLLOW US:     Facebook     Twitter
Blue
   
Curve Top
Pakistan Journal of Nutrition
  Year: 2017 | Volume: 16 | Issue: 4 | Page No.: 249-252
DOI: 10.3923/pjn.2017.249.252
 
Facebook Twitter Digg Reddit Linkedin StumbleUpon E-mail
Effect of Cassava Leaf Meal Supplementation on In vitro Digestibility of Ammoniated Palm Leaf Enriched with Sulphur and Phosphorus Minerals
Suyitman , Lili Warly and A. Rachmat

Abstract:
Background: Palm leaf is a by-product of palm plantations that can be used as a feed alternative. Ammoniation is a potential approach to increase the digestibility of palm by-products. Objective: This study aimed to determine the cassava leaf meal supplementation level as a source of branched chain amino acids for ammoniated palm leaf enriched with sulphur (S) and phosphorus (P) minerals as feed for cattle as examined in vitro . Materials and Methods: Samples of S and P mineral-enriched ammoniated palm leaf supplemented with cassava leaf meal were analyzed for proximate composition. In this study, ammoniated palm leaf samples enriched with S (0.40%) and P (0.27%) were treated with several cassava leaf meal supplementation levels. This study used a randomized block design with 6 treatments and 4 replications. The treatments tested were 6 levels of cassava leaf meal (0, 5, 10, 15, 20 and 25% dry matter). Dry matter, organic matter, crude protein, Neutral Detergent Fibre (NDF), Acid Detergent Fibre (ADF), cellulose, hemicellulose and rumen fluid characteristics (pH, VFA concentration and NH3-N level) were evaluated. Results: The results showed that mineral (0.4% S and 0.27% P) and cassava leaf meal (5% of dry matter) supplementation exhibited higher digestibility compared to other treatments. This supplementation formula resulted in the following in vitro digestibility characteristics: dry matter (55.56%), organic matter (59.83%), crude protein (55.34%), NDF (56.99%), ADF (50.01%), cellulose (60.78%) and hemicellulose (71.35%). The rumen fluid characteristics of this formula were as follows: pH (6.70), VFA (129.89 mM) and NH3-N (15.84 g/100 mL). Conclusion: Sulphur and P mineral-enriched ammoniated palm leaf supplemented with cassava leaf meal had significantly increased digestibility and rumen fluid qualities. Treatment with 5% cassava leaf meal produced the highest digestibility and rumen fluid characteristics.
PDF Fulltext XML References Citation Report Citation
 RELATED ARTICLES:
  •    In-vitro Digestibility of Palm Leaf Waste Treated with Different Processing Methods
  •    Optimizing the Production of Beef Cattle Utilizing Palm Oil Leaf Sheet Ammoniation Supplemented by Sulfur Minerals, Phosphorus and Cassava Leaf Flour
  •    Effect of Minerals S, P and Cassava Flour Leaf Supplemented with Ammoniation Palm Leaves on the Performance of Beef Cattle
  •    S and P Mineral Supplementation of Ammoniated Palm Leaves as Ruminant Feed
  •    Palm Leaf Processing as Ruminant Feeds
How to cite this article:

Suyitman , Lili Warly and A. Rachmat, 2017. Effect of Cassava Leaf Meal Supplementation on In vitro Digestibility of Ammoniated Palm Leaf Enriched with Sulphur and Phosphorus Minerals. Pakistan Journal of Nutrition, 16: 249-252.

DOI: 10.3923/pjn.2017.249.252

URL: https://scialert.net/abstract/?doi=pjn.2017.249.252

 
COMMENT ON THIS PAPER
 
 
 

 

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 

 
 
 
 
 
 
 

       

       

Curve Bottom