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Pakistan Journal of Nutrition
  Year: 2017 | Volume: 16 | Issue: 4 | Page No.: 193-199
DOI: 10.3923/pjn.2017.193.199
 
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Integration of Bali Cattle and Soybean on Tidal Swamp Land
S.A.A. Tani, B.P. Purwanto, W.A. Ridwan, A.M. Fuah, Salundik and M. Ghulamahdi

Abstract:
Objective: The purpose of this study was to analyze the integration of Bali cattle and soybean on a tidal swamp using eco-techno farming. Materials and Methods: This study was performed in two observation steps. The first step was the addition of bio-slurry and cattle waste compost for soybean cultivation using Saturated Soil Culture (SSC) technology on a tidal swamp. A randomized block design was used for four amelioration treatments, No Ameliorant (NA), Lime Ameliorant (LA), cattle waste Compost Ameliorant (CA) and bio-slurry ameliorant (SA) with four repetitions. The observed variables were soybean production, soybean waste production (tons) and farmers’ income (IDR). The second step was to analyze the utilization of soybean biomass as a supplemental feed for Bali cattle. The study was designed with three feeding treatments in a randomized block design with three repetitions. The soybean-feeding treatments were Swamp Grass (SG), Soybean Biomass (SB) and Soybean Biomass Silage (SBS). The observed variables were the Average Daily Gain (ADG), Dry Matter Intake (DMI) and Feed Conversion Ratio (FCR). Results: Soybean production and soybean biomass of NA differed significantly from those of LA, CA and SA. There were no significant differences in soybean production and soybean biomass among LA, CA and SA. The ADG and FCR did not differ among the treatments. Bali cattle given SBS showed greater daily DMI and protein intake than did cattle given SB or SG. Conclusion: The integration of the Bali cattle and soybean on tidal swamp land and the utilization of SA and CA increased both soybean production and farmers’ income by decreasing the production costs compared with the LA and NA treatment groups. Soybean biomass can be used as a feed supplement for Bali cattle, thus avoiding the burning of soybean biomass.
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How to cite this article:

S.A.A. Tani, B.P. Purwanto, W.A. Ridwan, A.M. Fuah, Salundik and M. Ghulamahdi, 2017. Integration of Bali Cattle and Soybean on Tidal Swamp Land. Pakistan Journal of Nutrition, 16: 193-199.

DOI: 10.3923/pjn.2017.193.199

URL: https://scialert.net/abstract/?doi=pjn.2017.193.199

 
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