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Pakistan Journal of Nutrition
  Year: 2016 | Volume: 15 | Issue: 4 | Page No.: 379-385
DOI: 10.3923/pjn.2016.379.385
 
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Antiobesity Effect of Peripheral Exendin-4 and/or Exercise in High-Fat Diet-Induced Obese C57bl/6 Mice
Hayder Abdullah AL-Domi and Israa Ali Mahmud

Abstract:
This study was conducted to examine the antiobesity effect of exendin-4 and/or exercise treatment in high-fat diet-induced obese C57BL/6 female mice and to evaluate whether these interventions could improve glucose and lipid metabolic profiles, and glucagon-like peptide-1 (GLP-1) secretion. Following the 13 weeks fattening period on the high saturated fat diet (HFSD), diet-induced obese mice continued feeding on the same HSFD and were assigned to four groups (n = 6/group); Control-Saline-Sedentary (C-Sal-Sed), Exendin-4-Sedentary (Ex-4-Sed), Saline-Exercise (Sal-Exr) and Exendin-4-Exercise (Ex-4-Exr). Mice in the exercise groups performed 13 weeks of running on a treadmill. Mice in the exendin-4 groups were injected a 100 μL exendin-4 (1 nmol/kg body weight) intraperitoneally once a day. Glucose and lipid profiles, and GLP-1 and Exendin-4 levels were determined. It was observed that sustained exposure of mice fed the HSFD for 26 weeks to exendin-4 and/or five days a week to exercise for 13 weeks resulted in a marked (p<0.001) reduction in gained body weight in Ex-4-Sed, Sal-Ex, Ex-4-Exr groups as compared to the C-Sal-Sed group (28.54, 30.0, 29.78 gm, respectively, p<0.001). This improved hypertriglyceridemia (p<0.001), deterioration in glucose tolerance (p<0.001), and feed efficiency (p<0.001). GLP-1 levels were elevated significantly in Ex-4-Sed, Sal-Ex, and Ex-4-Exr groups as compared to the C-Sal-Sed group (12.17, 11.31, 12.57 and 6.39 pmol/l; respectively, p<0.001). We concluded that exendin-4 and/or exercise are effective treatments and can reverse dyslipidemia and hyperglycemia by inducing a sustainable loss in body weight resulting from long-term feeding of HSFD and increasing serum GLP-1 levels. Early interventions of exendin-4 and/or exercise could play a vital role in modifying physiological pathways, both at the metabolic and endocrine levels.
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How to cite this article:

Hayder Abdullah AL-Domi and Israa Ali Mahmud, 2016. Antiobesity Effect of Peripheral Exendin-4 and/or Exercise in High-Fat Diet-Induced Obese C57bl/6 Mice. Pakistan Journal of Nutrition, 15: 379-385.

DOI: 10.3923/pjn.2016.379.385

URL: https://scialert.net/abstract/?doi=pjn.2016.379.385

 
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