Subscribe Now Subscribe Today
Science Alert
 
FOLLOW US:     Facebook     Twitter
Blue
   
Curve Top
Pakistan Journal of Nutrition
  Year: 2012 | Volume: 11 | Issue: 2 | Page No.: 116-122
DOI: 10.3923/pjn.2012.116.122
Chemical Composition and Nutritional Evaluation of Velvet Bean Seeds (Mucuna utilis) For Domestic Consumption and Industrial Utilization in Nigeria
I.O. Balogun and O.P. Olatidoye

Abstract:
Velvet bean seeds were collected from a farm Ibadan. The mature seed samples were analyzed for proximate and mineral compositions, fatty acid profiles and amino acid composition. The mean values of various parameters for proximate composition (%) were: Moisture (6.02±0.11), crude protein (25.65±0.14), ash (3.60±0.01), ether extract (14.52±0.05), crude fibre (7.23±0.05) and carbohydrate (by difference) (42.98). The calculated fatty acids were (12.49) and gross energy was (1703.95). The investigated seed samples contained higher amounts of crude protein and lipids when compared with most of the commonly consumed pulses. Mineral element (mg/100g) include: Calcium (148.88±0.2), potassium (1472.33±0.2), phosphorus (377.12±0.2), magnesium (23.66±0.3), iron (3.44±0.2) and manganese (5.28±0.1). The fatty acid profiles of the seeds revealed that the seed lipids contained higher concentration of palmitic acid and linoleic acid. Linoleic acid was the dominating fatty acid, followed by palmitic acid and oleic acid. The seed proteins of sample contained higher levels of the essential amino acids such as, threonine, valine, isoleucine, tyrosine, phenylalanine and histidine. Amino acid analysis revealed that velvet bean flour contained nutritionally useful quantities of most of the essential amino acids.
PDF References Citation Report Citation
 RELATED ARTICLES:
  •    Nutritional Evaluation of the Seeds of Corchorus olitorius: A Neglected and Underutilized Species in Nigeria
  •    Evaluation of Proximate, Mineral and Phytochemical Compositions of Carapa procera (Family Meliaceae)
  •    A Comparative Study on the Chemical and Amino Acid Composition of Some Nigerian Under-Utilized Legume Flours
How to cite this article:

I.O. Balogun and O.P. Olatidoye, 2012. Chemical Composition and Nutritional Evaluation of Velvet Bean Seeds (Mucuna utilis) For Domestic Consumption and Industrial Utilization in Nigeria. Pakistan Journal of Nutrition, 11: 116-122.

DOI: 10.3923/pjn.2012.116.122

URL: https://scialert.net/abstract/?doi=pjn.2012.116.122

COMMENTS
14 May, 2013
Mmaduafu Christopher Emeka:
This page helped in my project work. Thanks so much
 
COMMENT ON THIS PAPER
 
 
 

 

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 

 
 
 
 
 
 
 

       

       

Curve Bottom