An experiment was conducted at the Department of Animal Resources poultry farm, College of Agriculture, University of Basra, from 27/11/2009-7/1/2010. The study aimed to determine the effect of water quality aggregated from different location from Basra province on broilers performance. A total of 120 day-old chicks were randomly distributed into four treatments with three replicated of ten chicks were given T1 University tap water (Albdai, Thi-Qar), T2 R.O water, T3 Garmat Ali raw river water (North of Basra), T4 Abou-Al-Kasseb tap water (South of Basra). pH, Salinity, Alkalinity, TDS and EC were analysied to those kinds of water. Increase in TDS (>3.086, 5.936 mg/L and salinity) water (>3.60, 4.33) in T3 and T4 caused decrease body weight, hematological traits, tibia length and production index and an increase in feed and water intake, feed conversation ratio, faecal moisture percentage; serum cholesterol, total protein, albumin, globulin, albumin globulin ratio, urea, AST, ALT, Sodium, potassium, chloride, tibia ash percentage and some relative weight organs. Decreasing level TDS and salinity (<0.165, 0.3, R.O. T2) has also deteriorate some of the above traits but not as much an in T3 and T4. Therefore, a level of (1.385, T1) TDS and salinity (1.08, T1) are essential for broiler normal performance, hematological; serum biochemical traits and electrolyte levels which reflected in perfect jejunum histology and production index. PDFReferencesCitation
How to cite this article
Abdullah A. Mohammed, 2011. Impact of Different Locations Water Quality in Basra Province on the Performance and Physiological Changes in Broiler Chicks. Pakistan Journal of Nutrition, 10: 86-94.