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Pakistan Journal of Nutrition
  Year: 2009 | Volume: 8 | Issue: 5 | Page No.: 521-524
DOI: 10.3923/pjn.2009.521.524
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Chemical Profile of Chromolaena odorata L. (King and Robinson) Leaves

Igboh M. Ngozi, Ikewuchi C. Jude and C. Catherine

The proximate, amino acid and phytochemical composition of Chromolaena odorata was investigated. A high total carbohydrate (20.58% WW and 50.82% DW), crude fibre (10.76% WW and 26.57% DW) and protein (6.56% WW and 16.20% DW) content was observed. The protein is rich in the essential amino acids (with histidine and phenylalanine being very high) and has a protein score of 88.24% with methionine as the limiting amino acid. The phytochemical screening revealed the presence of alkaloids, cyanogenic glycosides, flavonoids (aurone, chalcone, flavone and flavonol), phytates saponins and tannins. The anti-nutrients composition includes cyanogenic glycosides (0.05% WW and 0.13% DW), phytates (0.22% WW and 0.54% DW), saponins (0.80% WW and 1.98% DW) and tannins (0.15% WW and 0.37% DW). Our result suggests that C. odorata is a source of high quality protein which could serve as a potential source of protein supplement.
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How to cite this article:

Igboh M. Ngozi, Ikewuchi C. Jude and C. Catherine, 2009. Chemical Profile of Chromolaena odorata L. (King and Robinson) Leaves. Pakistan Journal of Nutrition, 8: 521-524.

DOI: 10.3923/pjn.2009.521.524






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