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Pakistan Journal of Nutrition
  Year: 2009 | Volume: 8 | Issue: 9 | Page No.: 1497-1505
DOI: 10.3923/pjn.2009.1497.1505
 
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Determinants of Nutritional Status of Preschool Children from Rural Households in Kaduna and Kano States, Nigeria
Ifeanyi A. Ojiako, Victor M. Manyong and Anthony E. Ikpi

Abstract:
The study evaluated the nutritional status of preschool children; identified the influencing factors and estimated the degree of responsiveness of nutritional status index to changes in causal variables. Conducted in five villages selected from Kaduna and Kano States of northern Nigeria, the study used data from selected rural households and anthropometric measurements of preschool children resident therein. Household data were collected using structured questionnaire administered by trained enumerators. The relevant software was used to calculate nutritional status indexes while a two-limit tobit regression analysis, in which the long-term index of height-for-age entered as a dependent variable, was conducted to assess the influence of the explanatory variables on nutritional status. Tobit decomposition framework was used to estimate the elasticities. Results revealed that the proportions of children with either moderate or severe nutritional problems were 61, 17 and 40% using the height-for-age, weight-for-height and weight-for-age measures respectively. Soybean consumption (p<0.01), mother’s education (p<0.01), mother’s position among housewives (p<0.05) and child’s height (p<0.01) were positively related to the child’s nutritional status. Also, mother’s age (p<0.01), child’s age (p<0.01) and dependency ratio (p<0.05) had negative influence on nutritional status. A 10% increase in dependency ratio and child’s mother’s age would result to a 1.70 and 0.46% increases in total elasticity of children malnutrition. Proportionate percentage increases in mother’s position among wives in the household, mother’s level of education and household’s consumption of soybean-related food would elicit a total of 0.03, 1.15 and 0.26% decreases respectively in elasticity of malnutrition. Decomposition of the elasticity coefficients revealed that marginal changes in all factors would increase or decrease the probability of intensity of children malnutrition more than they would increase or decrease the probability of prevalence. Policy options that would promote formal education for women, home use of soybean and reduction in dependency ratio are recommended to achieve meaningful improvement in nutritional status.
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How to cite this article:

Ifeanyi A. Ojiako, Victor M. Manyong and Anthony E. Ikpi, 2009. Determinants of Nutritional Status of Preschool Children from Rural Households in Kaduna and Kano States, Nigeria. Pakistan Journal of Nutrition, 8: 1497-1505.

DOI: 10.3923/pjn.2009.1497.1505

URL: https://scialert.net/abstract/?doi=pjn.2009.1497.1505

 
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