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Pakistan Journal of Nutrition
  Year: 2007 | Volume: 6 | Issue: 6 | Page No.: 518-523
DOI: 10.3923/pjn.2007.518.523
 
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Optimum Fermentation Period for Micronutrients Content of Cereal Based Complementary Food

C.U. Odumodu

Abstract:
Effects of fermentation on micronutrients content of formulated complementary food were investigated. Paddy and parboiled rice, soybean and crayfish were obtained from the open market in Jos. The paddy rice was malted for 72 h. The foodstuffs were processed into flours. Parboiled rice and dehulled soybean mix was formulated in a standard ratio 70:30 g. A modified standard formulation of parboiled rice, dehulled soybean, malted rice and crayfish mix in the ratio of 65:25:5:5 g was prepared. From the formulation, fermentation of different blends at varying periods was carried out for 24, 48, 72, 96, and 120 h. The unfermented, standard and modified standard (PR:DSBo and PR:DSB:MR72:CFo) blends were the controls. The macro elements (calcium, phosphorous, magnesium and lead) and the micronutrients (iron, iodine, selenium, copper, zinc molybdenum, manganese, vitamins A, B1, B2, C and niacin) were determined by chemical analysis. The crayfish provided most of the macro elements and micro nutrients. The unfermented (standard and modified standard) blends had lower mineral values than the fermented blends except the PR:DSB:MR72:CF96 and PR:DSB:MR72:CF120 blends fermented for 96 and 120 h. All the fermented blends had higher vitamin values than the two unfermented control (standard and modified standard) blends. The increase in most of the minerals showed the optimum time of 72 h for the microflora activity. These results suggested seventy-two (72) hours as the optimum fermentation period that enhanced the micronutrients.
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How to cite this article:

C.U. Odumodu , 2007. Optimum Fermentation Period for Micronutrients Content of Cereal Based Complementary Food. Pakistan Journal of Nutrition, 6: 518-523.

DOI: 10.3923/pjn.2007.518.523

URL: https://scialert.net/abstract/?doi=pjn.2007.518.523

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