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Pakistan Journal of Nutrition
  Year: 2002 | Volume: 1 | Issue: 6 | Page No.: 270-275
DOI: 10.3923/pjn.2002.270.275
Influences of Olive Oil and Ghee (samen balady) on Serum Cholesterol of Jordanians
Abdullah Y. A. Rawashdeh

Abstract:
The effects of olive oil (OO) and ghee types (semen balady) on the serum lipid profile were studied in healthy volunteers (11 males, aged 36-44 year; 13 females aged 27-35 year). The 24 subjects ate their habitual diet with OO or ghee of cow milk fat (CMF), ghee of goat milk fat (GMF) or ghee of sheep milk fat (SMF) for 4 wk with 4 wk interval between the four diets. Compared with initial values, OO diet significantly (P<0.05) reduced concentrations of serum total cholesterol (TC, -3.42%) and low density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-c, -4.31%). OO caused slight reduction in concentration of high density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-c, -2.86%), and ratios of TC/HDL-c and LDL-c/HDL-c. Whereas ghee types significantly (P<0.05) increased these parameters and the SMF resulted in the highest rise of TC (+11.93%) and LDL-c (+16.16%). The highest rise in concentration of HDL-c (+8.81%) was shown with GMF. Ghee types slightly increased the ratios of TC/HDL-c and LDL-c/HDL-c compared with the initial values. SMF resulted in the highest rise of TC/HDL-c (+0.26) and LDL-c/HDL-c (+0.31) Serum triglycerides level increased (+3.38 %) after OO diet, whereas reduced (about -2.15%) after periods of ghee types. In general, the responses in serum lipids were greater in males than in females in all the four diets.
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How to cite this article:

Abdullah Y. A. Rawashdeh , 2002. Influences of Olive Oil and Ghee (samen balady) on Serum Cholesterol of Jordanians. Pakistan Journal of Nutrition, 1: 270-275.

DOI: 10.3923/pjn.2002.270.275

URL: https://scialert.net/abstract/?doi=pjn.2002.270.275

 
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