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Pakistan Journal of Nutrition
  Year: 2002 | Volume: 1 | Issue: 5 | Page No.: 196-201
DOI: 10.3923/pjn.2002.196.201
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Pycnogenol® Augments Macrophage Phagocytosis and Cytokine Secretion
Vandana Shah , Erben Bayeta and Benjamin H.S. Lau

We previously reported that Pycnogenol®, procyanidins extracted from the bark of French maritime pine (Pinus maritima Aiton; the official botanical name is now Pinus pinaster Aiton) is a potent free radical scavenger. It has been shown to inhibit macrophage oxidative burst. Macrophages carry out their microbicidal and tumoricidal activities via oxygen-dependent and oxygen-independent mechanisms. The present study investigated the effects of Pycnogenol® on oxygen-independent killing mechanisms of macrophages, with particular interest in phagocytosis and cytokine release. J774 cells, a murine macrophage cell line, were preincubated with Pycnogenol® and then exposed to fluorescein-conjugated Escherichia coli particles for phagocytosis. Pycnogenol® significantly enhanced the phagocytosis by J774 cells. Incubation with Pycnogenol® resulted in a significant increase in cell size indicating macrophage activation. J774 cells were treated with Pycnogenol® for 22 hr and the supernatants were tested for the release of tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α) and interleukin-1 β (IL-1β). Pycnogenol® significantly increased the secretion of both TNF-α and IL-1β . These results suggest that Pycnogenol® can enhance the macrophage function by increasing its ability to phagocytosis and secretion of TNF-α and IL-1β . These two cytokines may provide costimulatory signals to enhance both the humoral and cellular immune responses to promote host defense.
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How to cite this article:

Vandana Shah , Erben Bayeta and Benjamin H.S. Lau , 2002. Pycnogenol® Augments Macrophage Phagocytosis and Cytokine Secretion. Pakistan Journal of Nutrition, 1: 196-201.

DOI: 10.3923/pjn.2002.196.201








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