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Pakistan Journal of Biological Sciences
  Year: 2021 | Volume: 24 | Issue: 1 | Page No.: 66-71
DOI: 10.3923/pjbs.2021.66.71
 
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Comparative Study of Hemodialysis in Arteriovenous Fistulas in Low Versus High Blood Flow Rate

Sultan Abdulwadoud Alshoabi , Ali Twyla Almutairi, Fahad H. Alhazmi, Abdulaziz A. Qurashi, Abdulrahman Saleh Alharbi and Adel Faiz Alhejaili

Abstract:
Background and Objective: Arteriovenous Fistula (AVF) is an essential requirement in Hemodialysis (HD) to remove toxins and excess fluid from the blood of patients with Chronic Renal Failure (CRF). The Blood Flow Rate (BFR) in AVF is an important factor in the success of HD. Due to a lack of studies of low BFR during HD, this study was conducted. The objective of this study was to compare the success rate of HD in patients with a BFR = 400-500 mL min–1 (group-2), in comparison to those of higher BFR (group-1). Materials and Methods: This prospective cohort study was conducted at the ultrasound Doppler (USD) unit in King Fahad Hospital in Almadinah from July to December, 2019. In this study, 44 patients underwent AVF for HD and were assessed by USD for 2 consecutive visits at 3 months intervals. The success rate of HD was measured in patients with a BFR = 400-500 mL min–1 and in those with BFR>500 mL min–1. A comparison of the success rate in the 2 groups was done. Results: Among the 44 patients, 59% were males and 41% were females. The age of participants ranged from 20-80 years (mean: 46.75±13.67 years). The patients underwent HD 3 or 2 session’s week–1 for 3 or 4 hrs (mean 3.84±0.36 h) per session. In the first assessment, the success rate was 100% in both groups but it was 88.24% in group-1 and 70% in group-2 in the second assessment. Conclusion: The success rate of hemodialysis in patients with BFR 400-500 mL min–1 in AVF was acceptable in comparison to that in patients with BFR>500 mL min–1.
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How to cite this article:

Sultan Abdulwadoud Alshoabi, Ali Twyla Almutairi, Fahad H. Alhazmi, Abdulaziz A. Qurashi, Abdulrahman Saleh Alharbi and Adel Faiz Alhejaili, 2021. Comparative Study of Hemodialysis in Arteriovenous Fistulas in Low Versus High Blood Flow Rate. Pakistan Journal of Biological Sciences, 24: 66-71.

DOI: 10.3923/pjbs.2021.66.71

URL: https://scialert.net/abstract/?doi=pjbs.2021.66.71

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