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Pakistan Journal of Biological Sciences
  Year: 2020 | Volume: 23 | Issue: 8 | Page No.: 1075-1085
DOI: 10.3923/pjbs.2020.1075.1085
 
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Bone Health and its Relation to Energy Intake, Fat Mass and its Distribution
Nayera E. Hassan , Sahar A. El-Masry , Rokia A. El Banna, Muhammad Al-Tohamy , Dalia El-Lebedy , Dalia Adel Abdelhalim, Darin Amin, Safinaz Megahed and Aya Khalil

Abstract:
Background and Objectives: Osteoporosis and obesity are two of the most important inter-related diseases worldwide. This study aimed to investigate impact of fat mass and its distribution on bone health in relation to energy intake among sample of Egyptian women. Materials and Methods: A cross-sectional study included 116 Egyptian women with age range 25-65 years old. They were classified according to the menopause into 2 groups: Pre-menopausal (n = 51) and post menopausal (n = 65). All participants have undergone anthropometric measurements, body composition, DEXA and laboratory investigations. Results: Among overweight/obese women, pre-menopausal women had significant higher values of BMR and BMD at both lumbar spines, neck of femur and significant lower values of central obesity (waist/hip ratio, waist/height ratio, visceral fat) and C-terminal peptides than postmenopausal ones. Among pre and post-menopausal women, BMD at both sites had significant positive correlations with obesity markers (BMI, waist and hip circumferences), fat mass, BMR, in addition to fat distribution, visceral fat, leptin among pre-menopausal women and C-terminal peptide among postmenopausal women. Among pre-menopausal women, BMR significantly explained 56% of the variations in BMD at neck of femur, while at lumbar spines the best model was BMI, BMR and waist circumference, which significantly explain 33% of the variations in BMD. Conclusion: Bone health positively correlated with BMI, fat mass and its distribution and BMR, particularly at femur neck, among pre and post-menopausal Egyptian women. Overweight/obesity can be considered as a protective factor for bone health.
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How to cite this article:

Nayera E. Hassan, Sahar A. El-Masry, Rokia A. El Banna, Muhammad Al-Tohamy, Dalia El-Lebedy, Dalia Adel Abdelhalim, Darin Amin, Safinaz Megahed and Aya Khalil, 2020. Bone Health and its Relation to Energy Intake, Fat Mass and its Distribution. Pakistan Journal of Biological Sciences, 23: 1075-1085.

DOI: 10.3923/pjbs.2020.1075.1085

URL: https://scialert.net/abstract/?doi=pjbs.2020.1075.1085

 
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