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Pakistan Journal of Biological Sciences
  Year: 2019 | Volume: 22 | Issue: 3 | Page No.: 143-147
DOI: 10.3923/pjbs.2019.143.147
 
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Respiratory Health Status of Workers that Exposed to Welding Fumes at Lumut Shipyard

Anuar Ithnin, Anas Zubir, Normah Awang and Nur Nabilah Mohamad Sulaiman

Abstract:
Background and Objective: Welding fume exposure has led to the respiratory problems among welders including cough, phlegm, chest illnesses, nausea and fatigue. Inadequate ventilation during welding works causes the situation to worsen. Welding fumes can cause a decrease in lung function among welders. Chronic exposure will lead to other health effects especially COPD (Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease). The objective of this study is to determine the exposure of welding fumes (Cd, Fe, Pb and Zn) towards respiratory health including lung function test (FEV1, FVC, FEV1/FVC, PEFR) of workers in Lumut shipyard, Perak. Materials and Methods: This research study the relationship between exposures of welding fumes towards lung function test among workers in Lumut shipyard, Perak. Lung function test was measured by spirometry among 30 welders and 31 non-welders. The concentration welding fume exposure was measured using OSHA ID-121 method. Sociodemographic data, respiratory symptoms and smoking habit data was analyzed based on the ATS 1987 questionnaire. Results: The mean concentration for Pb in welding fumes was 2.752 mg m3 which is above 0.5 mg m3 PEL-TWA. The FEV1 and FVC readings showed significant different between welders and non-welders (p = 0.001). Cough and phlegm symptoms showed significant different between welders and non-welders (p = 0.001). Welders had higher prevalence in smoking habit than the non-welders. Chest illnesses symptom showed an association with the smoking habit (p = 0.01). Conclusion: There is relationship between welding fumes exposure on lung function test of workers in Lumut shipyard. Pb in welding fumes has high concentration and exceeded PEL-TWA level. The FEV1 and FVC in welders are lower than non-welder due to the fumes exposure. Welders showed higher respiratory symptoms than non-welders. Smoking habit is a contributing factor towards respiratory problem.
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How to cite this article:

Anuar Ithnin, Anas Zubir, Normah Awang and Nur Nabilah Mohamad Sulaiman, 2019. Respiratory Health Status of Workers that Exposed to Welding Fumes at Lumut Shipyard. Pakistan Journal of Biological Sciences, 22: 143-147.

DOI: 10.3923/pjbs.2019.143.147

URL: https://scialert.net/abstract/?doi=pjbs.2019.143.147

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