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Pakistan Journal of Biological Sciences
  Year: 2018 | Volume: 21 | Issue: 3 | Page No.: 119-126
DOI: 10.3923/pjbs.2018.119.126
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Cq1 Exon Polymorphisms in Caucasian and African American Systemic Lupus Erythematosus patients

Fawzi Irshaid Irshaid and Daniel Joseph Birmingham

Background: C1q protein is composed of three protein chains (A, B and C) that are the products of separate genes. Genetic deficiencies in C1Q genes are important factors influencing the risk of systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE). Therefore, this study aimed to investigate the possible association of single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in the coding region of the C1Q genes with SLE. Methods: To search for potential SNPs in the encoding regions of C1q A, B and C chains, Cq1 exons were initially amplified and directly sequenced from leukocyte DNA from a subset of Caucasian and African American SLE patients and healthy controls. The sequences were analyzed by the Phrap and Phred software analysis system and the SNPs were identified by visual inspection. To test if any of these SNPs were linked to susceptibility to SLE, they were measured in 210 SLE patients ((59 African Americans and 151 Caucasians) and 129 matched healthy controls (55 African Americans and 74 Caucasians) by restriction fragment length polymorphism analysis. Results: The sequencing phase of the study identified three synonymous SNPs: Nucleotide 276G>A in C1QA, 66C>A in C1QB and 129G>A in C1QC. Statistically, no differences were found in genotype or allele frequencies between patients and controls for the 276G>A or 66C>A SNP. However, in Caucasians, the frequencies of the 129G>A genotypes were significantly different between SLE patients and controls (P = 0.005), specifically with the GG genotype being over represented in the controls (P = 0.004). Conclusion: The results show that the homozygous 129GG genotype is associated with protection against SLE onset. This protection is race dependent, being observed in Caucasians but not African Americans. The mechanism of this association is currently unclear.
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How to cite this article:

Fawzi Irshaid Irshaid and Daniel Joseph Birmingham, 2018. Cq1 Exon Polymorphisms in Caucasian and African American Systemic Lupus Erythematosus patients. Pakistan Journal of Biological Sciences, 21: 119-126.

DOI: 10.3923/pjbs.2018.119.126






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