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Pakistan Journal of Biological Sciences
  Year: 2017 | Volume: 20 | Issue: 1 | Page No.: 52-58
DOI: 10.3923/pjbs.2017.52.58
 
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Indigenous Halomonas spp., the Potential Nitrifying Bacteria for Saline Ammonium Waste Water Treatment

Yutthapong Sangnoi , Sunipa Chankaew and Sompong O-Thong

Abstract:
Background and Objective: Toxic nitrogen compounds are one cause decreasing of shrimp production and water pollution. Indigenous Halomonas spp., isolated from Pacific white shrimp farm are benefitted for saline ammonium waste water treatment. This study aimed to isolate the heterotrophic-halophilic Halomonas spp. and investigate their ammonium removal efficiency. Materials and Methods: Halomonas spp., were isolated by culturing of samples collected from shrimp farm into modified Pep-Beef-AOM medium. Ammonium converting ability was tested and monitored by nitrite reagent. Ammonium removal efficiency was measured by the standard colorimetric method. Identification and classification of Halomonas spp., were studied by morphological, physiological and biochemical characteristics as well as molecular information. Results: There were 5 strains of heterotrophic-halophilic nitrifying bacteria including SKNB2, SKNB4, SKNB17, SKNB20 and SKNB22 were isolated. The identification result based on 16S rRNA sequence analysis indicated that all 5 strains were Halomonas spp., with sequence similarity values of 91-99 %. Ammonium removal efficiency of all strains showed a range of 23-71%. The production of nitrite was low detected of 0.01-0.15 mg-N L–1, while the amount of nitrate was almost undetectable. Conclusion: This might suggest that the indigenous Halomonas spp., as nitrifying bacteria involved biological nitrification process for decreasing and transforming of ammonia. Due to being heterotrophic, halophilic and ammonium removing bacteria, these Halomonas spp., could be developed for use in treatment of saline ammonium waste water.
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How to cite this article:

Yutthapong Sangnoi, Sunipa Chankaew and Sompong O-Thong, 2017. Indigenous Halomonas spp., the Potential Nitrifying Bacteria for Saline Ammonium Waste Water Treatment. Pakistan Journal of Biological Sciences, 20: 52-58.

DOI: 10.3923/pjbs.2017.52.58

URL: https://scialert.net/abstract/?doi=pjbs.2017.52.58

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