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Pakistan Journal of Biological Sciences
  Year: 2017 | Volume: 20 | Issue: 8 | Page No.: 410-422
DOI: 10.3923/pjbs.2017.410.422
 
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Biodegradation of Quinalphos by a Soil Bacterium-Bacillus subtilis

Venkata Subba Reddy Gangireddygari , DileepKumar Kanderi, Ramanjaneyulu Golla, Manjunatha Bangeppagari, Vijay Anand Kumar Babu Gundi, Khayalethu Ntushelo and Rajasekhar Reddy Bontha

Abstract:
Background and Objective: A widely used pesticide quinalphos (O, O-diethyl O-quinoxalin-2-yl phosphorothioate) may be an undesirable and persistent pollutant to non-target environments like rivers and other ecosystems. The objective of this study was to isolate a potential degradant bacterium of quinalphos from polluted soils and test its fitness under various culture conditions. Materials and Methods: A soil bacterium strain, capable of utilizing quinalphos as its sole source of carbon and energy was isolated from soil by enrichment method on a minimal salts medium (MSM). On the basis of morphological, biochemical and 16S rRNA gene sequence analysis the bacterium is a species of the genus Bacillus and it was closely related to Bacillus subtilis. Quinalphos degrading capabilities of this bacterium were assessed under different culture conditions. Quinalphos degradation data were analysed byusing a two-way ANOVA analysis with the Statistica v.10. Results: Bacillus subtilis grew on quinalphos with a generation time of 32.34 min or 0.54 h in the logarithmic phase. Maximum degradation of quinalphos was observed with an inoculum of 1.0 optical density, around pH-7.5 and at an optimum temperature of 35-37°C. Among the additional carbon and nitrogen sources, carbon source-glucose and nitrogen source-yeast extract marginally improved the rate of degradation of quinalphos. Gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (GC-MS) analysis of the culture of B. subtilis grown on quinalphos indicated the formation of one main metabolite-quinoxaline. Conclusion: The B. subtilis strain discovered in this study has a unique combination of abilities to degrade quinalphos and it is therefore suitable candidate bioremediator of quinalphos polluted environments.
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How to cite this article:

Venkata Subba Reddy Gangireddygari, DileepKumar Kanderi, Ramanjaneyulu Golla, Manjunatha Bangeppagari, Vijay Anand Kumar Babu Gundi, Khayalethu Ntushelo and Rajasekhar Reddy Bontha, 2017. Biodegradation of Quinalphos by a Soil Bacterium-Bacillus subtilis. Pakistan Journal of Biological Sciences, 20: 410-422.

DOI: 10.3923/pjbs.2017.410.422

URL: https://scialert.net/abstract/?doi=pjbs.2017.410.422

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