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Pakistan Journal of Biological Sciences
  Year: 2017 | Volume: 20 | Issue: 1 | Page No.: 20-27
DOI: 10.3923/pjbs.2017.20.27
 
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Effect of AgNO3 and BAP on Root as a Novel Explant in Date Palm (Phoenix dactylifera cv. Medjool) Somatic Embryogenesis

Marjan Roshanfekrrad, Reza Zarghami, Hassan Hassani, Hedayat Zakizadeh and Ali Salari

Abstract:
Background and Objective: Somatic embryogenesis techniques are used for cloning a wide range of varieties of date palms around the world. The aim of the present study was to develop an efficient method with the lowest cost and the greatest potential to obtain in vitro plantlets of date palm cv. Medjool. Also, produce embryogenic callus and somatic embryos without using 2,4-dichlorophenoxyacetic acid (2,4-D). Methodology: In this study, produced plantlets through somatic embryogenesis were used in vitro roots as explant cultured on Murashige and Skoog (MS) media containing three level of Silver Nitrate (AgNO3) (0, 3 and 6 mg L–1) plus two level of 6-benzylaminopurine (BAP) (0 and 2 mg L–1) plus 0.1 mg L–1 1-naphthylacetic acid (NAA) for callus induction. After 12 weeks of culture, callus induction and after 16 weeks, production of embryogenic callus and embryos were occurred from root explants. Results: According to the results, medium containing 2 mg L–1 BAP and 3 mg L–1 silver nitrate+0.1 mg L–1 NAA showed the highest amount of embryogenic callus fresh weight (1.38 g). This treatment also cause the highest number and length of embryos by production of 90.04 embryogenic callus with length of 11.18 mm. On the other hand, shoots were appeared from germinated embryos and white roots began to appear within 8 weeks. Medium contains 3 mg L–1 BAP and 0.1 mg L–1 NAA with average of 12.27 cm shoot length and 15.48 cm root length was the best. Control treatment had the lowest average shoot (3.71 cm) and root (5.03 cm) length. Conclusion: This study showed that certain concentration of silver nitrate and BAP has stimulating effect on growth of produced embryonic callus from root segments of Medjool cultivar of date palm.
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How to cite this article:

Marjan Roshanfekrrad, Reza Zarghami, Hassan Hassani, Hedayat Zakizadeh and Ali Salari, 2017. Effect of AgNO3 and BAP on Root as a Novel Explant in Date Palm (Phoenix dactylifera cv. Medjool) Somatic Embryogenesis. Pakistan Journal of Biological Sciences, 20: 20-27.

DOI: 10.3923/pjbs.2017.20.27

URL: https://scialert.net/abstract/?doi=pjbs.2017.20.27

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