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Pakistan Journal of Biological Sciences
  Year: 2017 | Volume: 20 | Issue: 4 | Page No.: 197-203
DOI: 10.3923/pjbs.2017.197.203
 
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Flavonoid Production, Growth and Differentiation of Stelechocarpus burahol (Bl.) Hook. F. and Th. Cell Suspension Culture

Noor Aini Habibah , Sukarti Moeljopawiro , Kumala Dewi and Ari Indrianto

Abstract:
Background and Objective: Stelechocarpus burahol is a plant containing flavonoid compounds that have the potential for use as an antihyperuricemic for gout medication. This study was performed to assess flavonoid production, growth and cell differentiation of S. burahol in cell suspension culture. Methodology: Mesocarp was planted in Murashige and Skoog (MS) medium supplemented with 7.5 mg L–1 picloram for the induction of callus. Non-embryonic callus obtained was used in the formation of cell suspension cultures. Growth of cells was determined by fresh and dry weights. During the culturing, the fresh weight, dry weight and flavonoid content were determined as a result of culture status. Results: The growth of the S. burahol cell suspension was slow, the stationary phase occurred at 30 days. The production of flavonoids was not in line with the growth of cells and the maximum production occurred on the 15th day of the log phase. The globular-shaped cells dominated the cell suspension culture at all ages. Fluorescein diacetate (FDA) staining of cells derived from cell cultures aged for 36 days showed that some cells were still viable. Conclusion: The results show that flavonoid production, growth and cell differentiation of a S. burahol cell suspension culture differed according to the culture age.
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How to cite this article:

Noor Aini Habibah, Sukarti Moeljopawiro, Kumala Dewi and Ari Indrianto, 2017. Flavonoid Production, Growth and Differentiation of Stelechocarpus burahol (Bl.) Hook. F. and Th. Cell Suspension Culture. Pakistan Journal of Biological Sciences, 20: 197-203.

DOI: 10.3923/pjbs.2017.197.203

URL: https://scialert.net/abstract/?doi=pjbs.2017.197.203

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