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Pakistan Journal of Biological Sciences
  Year: 2017 | Volume: 20 | Issue: 3 | Page No.: 132-139
DOI: 10.3923/pjbs.2017.132.139
 
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Selection of Drought Tolerant Maize Hybrids Using Path Coefficient Analysis and Selection Index

Abdalla Dao, Jacob Sanou, Edgar V.S. Traore, Vernon Gracen and Eric Y. Danquah

Abstract:
Background: In drought-prone environments, direct selection for yield is not adequate because of the variable environment and genotype x environment interaction. Therefore, the use of secondary traits in addition to yield has been suggested. The relative usefulness of secondary traits as indirect selection criteria for maize grain yield is determined by the magnitudes of their genetic variance, heritability and genetic correlation with the grain yield. Materials and Methods: Forty eight testcross hybrids derived from lines with different genetic background and geographical origins plus 7 checks were evaluated in both well-watered and water-stressed conditions over two years for grain yield and secondary traits to determine the most appropriate secondary traits and select drought tolerant hybrids. Results: Study found that broad-sense heritability of grain yield and Ear Per Plant (EPP) increased under drought stress. Ear aspect (EASP) and ear height (EHT) had larger correlation coefficients and direct effect on grain yield but in opposite direction, negative and positive respectively. Traits like, EPP, Tassel Size (TS) and Plant Recovery (PR) contributed to increase yield via EASP by a large negative indirect effect. Under drought stress, EHT had positive and high direct effect and negative indirect effect via plant height on grain yield indicating that the ratio between ear and plant heights (R-EPH) was associated to grain yield. Conclusion: Path coefficient analysis showed that traits EPP, TS, PR, EASP, R-EPH were important secondary traits in the present experiment. These traits were used in a selection index to classify hybrids according to their performance under drought. The selection procedure included also a Relative Decrease in Yield (RDY) index. Some secondary traits reported as significant selection criteria for selection under drought stress were not finally established in the present study. This is because the relationship between grain and secondary traits can be affected by various factors including germplasm, environment and applied statistical analysis. Therefore, different traits and selection procedure should be applied in the selection process of drought tolerant genotypes for diverse genetic materials and growing conditions.
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How to cite this article:

Abdalla Dao, Jacob Sanou, Edgar V.S. Traore, Vernon Gracen and Eric Y. Danquah, 2017. Selection of Drought Tolerant Maize Hybrids Using Path Coefficient Analysis and Selection Index. Pakistan Journal of Biological Sciences, 20: 132-139.

DOI: 10.3923/pjbs.2017.132.139

URL: https://scialert.net/abstract/?doi=pjbs.2017.132.139

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