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Pakistan Journal of Biological Sciences
  Year: 2016 | Volume: 19 | Issue: 8-9 | Page No.: 315-322
DOI: 10.3923/pjbs.2016.315.322
 
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Effect of Temporal Pattern of Radiation in Intensity Modulated Radiotherapy on Cell Cycle Progression and Apoptosis of ACHN Renal Cell Carcinoma Cell Line

Maryam Khorramizadeh, Alihossein Saberi, Mohammadjavad Tahmasebi-Birgani, Parvaneh Shokrani and Alireza Amouhedari

Abstract:
Background and Objective: The existence of a hypersensitive radiation response to doses below 1 Gy is well established for many normal and tumor cell lines. The aim of this study was to ascertain the impact of temporal pattern modeling IMRT on survival, cell cycle and apoptosis of human RCC cell line ACHN, so as to provide radiobiological basis for optimizing IMRT plans for this disease. Materials and Methods: The ACHN renal cell carcinoma cell line was used in this study. Impact of the triangle, V, small-large or large-small temporal patterns in the presence and absence of threshold dose of hyper-radiosensitivity at the beginning of patterns were studied using soft agarclonogenic assays. Cell cycle and apoptosis analysis were performed after irradiation with the temporal patterns. Results: For triangle and small-large dose sequences, survival fraction was significantly reduced after irradiation with or without threshold dose of hyper-radiosensitivity at the beginning of the patterns. In all of the dose patterns, cell cycle distributions and the percentage of apoptotic cells at 24 h after irradiation with or without priming dose of hyper-radiosensitivity showed no significant difference. However, apoptotic cells were increased when beams with the smallest dose applied at the beginning of dose pattern like triangle and small-large dose sequence. Conclusion: These data show that the biologic effects of single fraction may differ in clinical settings depending on the size and sequence of the partial fractions. Doses at the beginning but not at the end of sequences may change cytotoxicity effects of radiation.
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How to cite this article:

Maryam Khorramizadeh, Alihossein Saberi, Mohammadjavad Tahmasebi-Birgani, Parvaneh Shokrani and Alireza Amouhedari, 2016. Effect of Temporal Pattern of Radiation in Intensity Modulated Radiotherapy on Cell Cycle Progression and Apoptosis of ACHN Renal Cell Carcinoma Cell Line. Pakistan Journal of Biological Sciences, 19: 315-322.

DOI: 10.3923/pjbs.2016.315.322

URL: https://scialert.net/abstract/?doi=pjbs.2016.315.322

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