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Pakistan Journal of Biological Sciences
  Year: 2014 | Volume: 17 | Issue: 1 | Page No.: 86-91
DOI: 10.3923/pjbs.2014.86.91
Efficiency of Local Indonesia Honey Bees (Apis cerana L.) and Stingless Bee (Trigona iridipennis) on Tomato (Lycopersicon esculentum Mill.) Pollination
Ramadhani Eka Putra and Ida Kinasih

Tomato (Lycopersicon esculentum Mill.) is considered as one of major agricultural commodity of Indonesia farming. However, monthly production is unstable due to lack of pollination services. Common pollinator agent of tomatoes is bumblebees which is unsuitable for tropical climate of Indonesia and the possibility of alteration of local wild plant interaction with their pollinator. Indonesia is rich with wild bees and some of the species already domesticated for years with prospect as pollinating agent for tomatoes. This research aimed to assess the efficiency of local honey bee (Apis cerana L.) and stingless bee (Trigona iridipennis), as pollinator of tomato. During this research, total visitation rate and total numbers of pollinated flowers by honey bee and stingless bee were compared between them with bagged flowers as control. Total fruit production, average weight and size also measured in order to correlated pollination efficiency with quantity and quality of fruit produced. Result of this research showed that A. cerana has slightly higher rate of visitation (p>0.05) and significantly shorter handling time (p<0.05) than T. iridipennis due to their larger colony demand and low reward provide by tomato flowers. However, honey bee pollinated tomato flowers more efficient pollinator than stingless bee (80.3 and 70.2% efficiency, respectively; p<0.05) even though the average weight and size of tomatoes were similar (p>0.05). Based on the results, it is concluded that the use of Apis cerana and Trigona spp., for pollinating tomatoes in tropical climates could be an alternative to the use of non-native Apis mellifera and bumblebees (Bombus spp.). However, more researches are needed to evaluate the cost/benefit on large-scale farming and greenhouse pollination using both bees against other bee species and pollination methods.
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How to cite this article:

Ramadhani Eka Putra and Ida Kinasih, 2014. Efficiency of Local Indonesia Honey Bees (Apis cerana L.) and Stingless Bee (Trigona iridipennis) on Tomato (Lycopersicon esculentum Mill.) Pollination. Pakistan Journal of Biological Sciences, 17: 86-91.

DOI: 10.3923/pjbs.2014.86.91






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