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Pakistan Journal of Biological Sciences
  Year: 2014 | Volume: 17 | Issue: 5 | Page No.: 608-618
DOI: 10.3923/pjbs.2014.608.618
 
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In vitro Propagation and Cryopreservation of Aerides odorata Lour. (Orchidaceae)
J. Hongthongkham and S. Bunnag

Abstract:
An efficient method for in vitro propagation and cryopreservation of Aerides odorata was established. Leaf segments were cultured on New Dogashima (ND) mediums supplemented with various concentrations of Benzyladenine (BA) (0-5 mg L-1) combined with Naphthaleneacetic Acid (NAA) (0-2 mg L-1). The optimal treatment for inducing Protocorm-like Bodies (PLBs) from leaf segments was obtained from the combination of 1 or 3 mg L-1 BA and 0.5 or 1 mg L-1 NAA; whereas, the addition of BA or NAA alone induced shoot and/or root initiation rather than PLB or callus formation. Shoots rapidly developed on ND mediums containing 5 mg L-1 BA. Cryopreservation of leaf segment-derived PLBs was successful using the encapsulation-dehydration method. The maximum survival percentage of Cryopreserved (Cryp) PLBs was achieved by encapsulating PLBs with 2% Na-alginate combined with 2 M glycerol and 0.4 M sucrose. The encapsulated PLBs were then precultured in 0.75 M sucrose for 24 h and dehydrated for 6 h before plunging into liquid nitrogen. Genetic stability of Cryp PLBs after regrowth was assessed by flow cytometry. The findings showed no different patterns of ploidy levels and morphology between Cryp and non-cryopreserved (Ncryp) control plantlets.
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How to cite this article:

J. Hongthongkham and S. Bunnag, 2014. In vitro Propagation and Cryopreservation of Aerides odorata Lour. (Orchidaceae). Pakistan Journal of Biological Sciences, 17: 608-618.

DOI: 10.3923/pjbs.2014.608.618

URL: https://scialert.net/abstract/?doi=pjbs.2014.608.618

 
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