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Pakistan Journal of Biological Sciences
  Year: 2014 | Volume: 17 | Issue: 4 | Page No.: 497-503
DOI: 10.3923/pjbs.2014.497.503
 
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Effects of Nitrogen Application Method and Weed Control on Corn Yield and Yield Components

Pariya Sepahvand, Nurali Sajedi, Seyed Karim Mousavi and Mohsen Ghiasvand

Abstract:
The effects of nitrogen fertilizer application and different methods for weed control on yield and yield components of corn was evaluated in Khorramabad in 2011. The experiment was conducted as a split plot based on randomized complete block design in 3 replications. Nitrogen application was as main plot in 4 levels (no nitrogen, broadcasting nitrogen, banding nitrogen and sprayed nitrogen) and methods of weed control were in 4 levels (non-control weeds, application Equip herbicide, once hand control of weeds and application Equip herbicide+once time weeding) was as subplots. Result illustrated that effects of nitrogen fertilizer application were significant on grain and forage yield, 100 seeds weight, harvest index, grain number per row and cob weight per plant. Grain yield increased by 91.4 and 3.9% in application banding and broadcasting for nitrogen fertilizer, respectively, compared to the no fertilizer treatment. The results show improved efficiency of nitrogen utilization by banding application. Grain yield, harvest index, seed rows per cob, seeds per row and cob weight were increased by weed control. In the application of Equip herbicide+ hand weeding treatment corn grain yield was increased 126% in comparison to weedy control. It represents of the intense affects of weed competition with corn. The highest corn grain yield (6758 kg h-1) was related to the application banding of nitrogen fertilizer and Equip herbicide+once hand weeding.
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How to cite this article:

Pariya Sepahvand, Nurali Sajedi, Seyed Karim Mousavi and Mohsen Ghiasvand, 2014. Effects of Nitrogen Application Method and Weed Control on Corn Yield and Yield Components. Pakistan Journal of Biological Sciences, 17: 497-503.

DOI: 10.3923/pjbs.2014.497.503

URL: https://scialert.net/abstract/?doi=pjbs.2014.497.503

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