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Pakistan Journal of Biological Sciences
  Year: 2013 | Volume: 16 | Issue: 18 | Page No.: 911-919
DOI: 10.3923/pjbs.2013.911.919
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Long Bone Development in the Japanese Quail (Coturnix coturnix japonica) Embryos

Yasser A. Ahmed and Soha A. Soliman

The current study was undertaken to describe the main histological development stages of long bones (tibia and femur) from Japanese quail (Coturnix coturnix japonica) embryos. Whole Limbs or just tibia and femur of fifty Japanese quail embryos of different ages were fixed and embedded in paraffin or Spurr’s resin. Paraffin and semi-thin, respectively, were undertaken and examined with light microscopy. Limb bud was established at day 5 of incubation. Mesenchymal cells differentiated into chondrocytes forming a cartilage template in the position of the future tibia and femur at day 6 of incubation. At day 7 of incubation, the cartilage template enlarged and had the shape and position of the future tibia and femur. At day 8, central chondrocytes underwent hypertrophy and were surrounded by a periosteal bone collar. Cellular and vascular invasion from the bone collar into the central zone of the cartilage template, cartilage resorption and formation of marrow tunnel and finally peripheral calcification was seen. Vascular cartilage canals penetrating the epiphysis were observed at day 9 and the canals gradually increased in thickness and number toward the hatching day. Articular epiphyseal growth cartilage with resting, proliferative and hypertrophic zones was clearly established by day 10 of incubation. After 17 days of incubation, the zonation of the articular epiphyseal cartilage were much clear, many cartilage canals were present within the epiphyses. In epiphyses of tibia but not femur, foci of chondrocytes hypertrophy were noticed close to the cartilage canals. The current study timed the main histological sequences of development of tibia and femur of embryonic quail.
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How to cite this article:

Yasser A. Ahmed and Soha A. Soliman, 2013. Long Bone Development in the Japanese Quail (Coturnix coturnix japonica) Embryos. Pakistan Journal of Biological Sciences, 16: 911-919.

DOI: 10.3923/pjbs.2013.911.919






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