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Pakistan Journal of Biological Sciences
  Year: 2013 | Volume: 16 | Issue: 12 | Page No.: 551-557
DOI: 10.3923/pjbs.2013.551.557
 
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Olive Plants (Olea europaea L.) as a Bioindicator for Pollution

Amal Mohamed Eliwa and Ehab Abdel-Razik Kamel

Abstract:
In the present work, olive plant (Olea europaea L.) was used as a biological indicator for pollution in which, molecular and physiological parameters were studied. Olive plants were collected from polluted and non-polluted areas in Jeddah - Saudi Arabia, traffic area as an air polluted area, sewage treatment station as water polluted area, industrial area as solid waste polluted, costal area as marine polluted area and an area without a direct source of pollution far away from the city center, which was used as control. These changes conducted with nucleic acid content, minerals content, pigments and some growth parameters. Results showed significant reductions in DNA and RNA contents under all polluted sites. Mineral contents were varied widely depending on the different pollutants and locations of olive plant. Generally, micro-elements varied (increase/decrease) significantly within collected samples and the source of pollution. All growth parameters were decreased significantly within the studied samples of all pollutant areas except the relative water content was increased. The content of chlorophyll a has decreased highly significantly in all polluted leaves. While the content of chlorophyll b has increased significantly in all polluted leaves especially in air polluted leaves. The total content of carotenoid pigments has decreased highly significantly in all polluted leaves. It was concluded that olive plant can be used as a biological indicator to the environmental pollutants.
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How to cite this article:

Amal Mohamed Eliwa and Ehab Abdel-Razik Kamel, 2013. Olive Plants (Olea europaea L.) as a Bioindicator for Pollution. Pakistan Journal of Biological Sciences, 16: 551-557.

DOI: 10.3923/pjbs.2013.551.557

URL: https://scialert.net/abstract/?doi=pjbs.2013.551.557

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