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Pakistan Journal of Biological Sciences
  Year: 2013 | Volume: 16 | Issue: 4 | Page No.: 185-189
DOI: 10.3923/pjbs.2013.185.189
 
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Length-Weight Relationship of the Freshwater Clam, Galatea paradoxa (Born 1778) from the Volta Estuary, Ghana

K.A. Obirikorang, D. Adjei-Boateng, H.A. Madkour, S. Amisah and F.A. Otchere

Abstract:
The length-weight relationship of the threatened freshwater clam, Galatea paradoxa (Born 1778) from the Volta Estuary, Ghana was studied over a two-year period, from March 2008 to February 2010, to aid in the development of stock assessment models for the sustainable management of the remaining clam stock. Data reported in this study were collected at monthly intervals and covered varying depths of the Estuary ranging from 0.5 to about 10 m. Overall, a total of 5276 clams with shell lengths ranging from 3.40 to 89.24 mm and total weight from 0.10 to 154.00 g were sampled during the study period. The length-weight relationships were highly significant (p<0.0001) for all the months and the b-values ranged from 2.023 (January 2010) to 3.874 (June 2009). The calculated b-values indicated that clams exhibited different growth patterns at different periods but overall, the pooled samples of 5276 individuals exhibited an isometric growth pattern (b = 3.003). The observed monthly growth patterns exhibited by G. paradoxa appeared to be largely influenced by the reproductive cycle of the organism. During the periods leading to spawning, the clams generally exhibited positive allometric growth patterns (weight increasing faster than length) which appeared to be strongly linked to the build-up of proteins and carbohydrates in their tissues. Successive negative allometric growth patterns (length increasing faster relative to weight) were, however, observed from March to June 2008 and from December 2009 to February 2010, which are possibly indicative of the loss in tissue weight that occurs as a direct result of the spawning process. It will thus be suitable to institute a close season to coincide with the spawning period of the clams to avoid the harvesting of clams during the spawning period which will enhance future recruitment of the clam stock.
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How to cite this article:

K.A. Obirikorang, D. Adjei-Boateng, H.A. Madkour, S. Amisah and F.A. Otchere, 2013. Length-Weight Relationship of the Freshwater Clam, Galatea paradoxa (Born 1778) from the Volta Estuary, Ghana. Pakistan Journal of Biological Sciences, 16: 185-189.

DOI: 10.3923/pjbs.2013.185.189

URL: https://scialert.net/abstract/?doi=pjbs.2013.185.189

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