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Pakistan Journal of Biological Sciences
  Year: 2013 | Volume: 16 | Issue: 23 | Page No.: 1806-1810
DOI: 10.3923/pjbs.2013.1806.1810
 
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Nutrients Intake, Performance and Nitrogen Balance of West African Dwarf Sheep Fed Graded Levels of Toasted Enterolobium cyclocarpum Seeds as Supplement to Panicum maximum

O.J. Idowu, O.M. Arigbede, P.A. Dele, J.A. Olanite, O.O Adelusi, V.O.A. Ojo and A.S. Sunmola

Abstract:
A study was conducted to assess the nutritive value of Enterolobium cyclocarpum seeds as supplementary feed for ruminant animals during the dry season when grasses are either not available or of low quality. Matured fruits of E. cyclocarpum were collected, toasted, peeled and then used for the trial. Thirty two West African Dwarf (WAD) sheep aged between 12±2 months with an average body weight of 10±2 kg were used in assessing the nutritive value of graded levels of toasted Enterolobium cyclocarpum seed in a concentrate diets as supplement to Panicum maximum basal diet. The percent compositions of the experimental diets were toasted E. cyclocarpum seeds at various levels of inclusion (0, 10, 20 and 30%) for diets 1, 2, 3 and 4. respectively. The diets (1-4) were consecutively fed to each animal at 50 g kg-1 b.wt. for 12 weeks in a completely randomized design. Parameters taken were weekly body weights, daily feed intake, nutrient utilization and nitrogen balance status for each animal. Diet 2 had the highest significant (p<0.05) nutrients intake being 871.88, 137.13, 147.59, 33.26 and 69.86 g day-1 for DM, CP, CF, EE and ASH respectively. The Dry Matter Digestibility (DMD) coefficients decreased significantly (p<0.05) with increased inclusion levels of toasted E. cyclocarpum seeds supplementation. Sheep fed diet 4 had the lowest feed conversion ratio (8.61) and the highest daily average gain of 58.93 g. However the animals fed Diet 2 had the highest nitrogen retension and converted their feed to flesh.
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How to cite this article:

O.J. Idowu, O.M. Arigbede, P.A. Dele, J.A. Olanite, O.O Adelusi, V.O.A. Ojo and A.S. Sunmola, 2013. Nutrients Intake, Performance and Nitrogen Balance of West African Dwarf Sheep Fed Graded Levels of Toasted Enterolobium cyclocarpum Seeds as Supplement to Panicum maximum. Pakistan Journal of Biological Sciences, 16: 1806-1810.

DOI: 10.3923/pjbs.2013.1806.1810

URL: https://scialert.net/abstract/?doi=pjbs.2013.1806.1810

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