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Pakistan Journal of Biological Sciences
  Year: 2013 | Volume: 16 | Issue: 23 | Page No.: 1698-1705
DOI: 10.3923/pjbs.2013.1698.1705
 
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In vitro Antifungal Activity of Three Geophytic Plant Extracts against Three Post-harvest Pathogenic Fungi

Hanafey F. Maswada and Sabry A. Abdallah

Abstract:
Plant extracts appear to be one of the most effective alternative methods of plant diseases control which are less harmful to human beings and environment. In vitro antifungal activity of methanolic extracts of three promising wild geophytic plants against three post-harvest pathogenic fungi using radial growth technique was conducted. These extracts included the shoot system (S) and underground parts (R) of Asparagus stipularis, Cyperus capitatus and Stipagrostis lanata. The tested fungi were Alternaria solani, Aspergillus niger and Rhizopus stolonifer. The results exhibited that, all plant extracts had antifungal activity against the tested fungi. The antifungal activity greatly varied depending on plant parts and/or plant species. R. stolonifer was the most susceptible fungus to the tested plant extracts followed by A. niger and then A. solani. On the other hand, the most effective plant extracts against tested fungi were S. lanata (S) and A. stipularis (R). The most effective plant extracts against R. stolonifer were S. lanata (R) and C. capitatus (S). While, the extracts of A. stipularis (R) and S. lanata (S) were the most effective against A. niger. The extracts of C. capitatus (S) and S. lanata (S) exhibited the highest antifungal activity against A. solani. The results demonstrated that, the methanolic extracts of A. stipularis, C. capitatus and S. lanata had potential antifungal activity against A. solani, A. niger and R. stolonifer.
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How to cite this article:

Hanafey F. Maswada and Sabry A. Abdallah, 2013. In vitro Antifungal Activity of Three Geophytic Plant Extracts against Three Post-harvest Pathogenic Fungi. Pakistan Journal of Biological Sciences, 16: 1698-1705.

DOI: 10.3923/pjbs.2013.1698.1705

URL: https://scialert.net/abstract/?doi=pjbs.2013.1698.1705

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