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Pakistan Journal of Biological Sciences
  Year: 2013 | Volume: 16 | Issue: 22 | Page No.: 1469-1478
DOI: 10.3923/pjbs.2013.1469.1478
 
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Effects of Irrigation Regimes on Fatty Acid Composition, Antioxidant and Antifungal Properties of Volatiles from Fruits of Koroneiki Cultivar Grown Under Tunisian Conditions

Faten Brahmi, Hechmi Chehab, Guido Flamini, Madiha Dhibi, Manel Issaoui, Maha Mastouri and Mohamed Hammami

Abstract:
The olive tree is generally grown under rain-fed conditions. However, since the yield response to irrigation is great, even with low amounts of water, there is increasing interest in irrigated agriculture. The main goal of this study was, therefore, to investigate the effect of irrigation regimes on olive (Olea europaea L., cv. Koroneiki) obtained from an intensively-managed orchard in a semi-arid area with a Mediterranean climate in Tunisia. Different irrigation treatments 50% ETc, 75% ETc and 100% ETc were applied to the olive orchard. Accordingly, the effects of three irrigation regimes on volatile compounds, fatty acid composition and biological activities of Koroneiki cultivar were studied. The total profile of the volatile constituents of all samples revealed the predominance of 3-ethenylpyridine (from 14.9-19.6%), phenylethyl alcool (from 7.8-19.2%) and benzaldehyde (from 9.0 to 13.8%). During watering level treatments studied, the major fatty acids were oleic, palmitic and linoleic. Antioxidant activity of the fresh fruit volatiles cultivated at a watering level of 100% ETc was higher than that obtained under 50 and 75% Etc. The results of antifungal activity showed that the fruits volatiles of the three irrigation treatments had varying degrees of growth inhibition against the microorganisms tested.
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How to cite this article:

Faten Brahmi, Hechmi Chehab, Guido Flamini, Madiha Dhibi, Manel Issaoui, Maha Mastouri and Mohamed Hammami, 2013. Effects of Irrigation Regimes on Fatty Acid Composition, Antioxidant and Antifungal Properties of Volatiles from Fruits of Koroneiki Cultivar Grown Under Tunisian Conditions. Pakistan Journal of Biological Sciences, 16: 1469-1478.

DOI: 10.3923/pjbs.2013.1469.1478

URL: https://scialert.net/abstract/?doi=pjbs.2013.1469.1478

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