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Pakistan Journal of Biological Sciences
  Year: 2013 | Volume: 16 | Issue: 3 | Page No.: 121-126
DOI: 10.3923/pjbs.2013.121.126
Impact of Introduced Nile tilapia (Oreochromis niloticus) on Non-native Aquatic Ecosystems
I.S.T. Vicente and C.E. Fonseca-Alves

The global invasion of non-native aquatic ecosystems by Nile tilapia (Oreochromis niloticus) is well documented and coincides with their increased use as an aquaculture species. Aquaculture can be defined as the farming of fish or other aquatic organisms and it varies considerably in terms of production practices. Generally, freshwater finfish, such as Nile tilapia, are reared in inland ponds (closed systems). However, in several countries, floating cages are increasingly used to rear Nile tilapia in open water bodies. In such systems, escape is inevitable. The Nile tilapia is considered an omnivorous species and it ingests zooplankton, phytoplankton, or debris present in rivers. As a consequence, the release of Nile tilapia into non-native aquatic ecosystems may result in competition for food and space, thereby damaging native species. The wide environmental tolerance and high reproductive rate of Nile tilapia facilitate its use for aquaculture, but also render the species highly invasive. Here, we review the high frequency of Nile tilapia in non-native biodiversity and indicate the existence of the species under feral conditions in every country in which it has been introduced through farming systems.
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How to cite this article:

I.S.T. Vicente and C.E. Fonseca-Alves, 2013. Impact of Introduced Nile tilapia (Oreochromis niloticus) on Non-native Aquatic Ecosystems. Pakistan Journal of Biological Sciences, 16: 121-126.

DOI: 10.3923/pjbs.2013.121.126






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