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Pakistan Journal of Biological Sciences
  Year: 2013 | Volume: 16 | Issue: 3 | Page No.: 112-120
DOI: 10.3923/pjbs.2013.112.120
Female Reproduction Physiology Adversely Manipulated by Thyroid Disorders: A Review of Literature
Azad Reza Mansourian

Proper thyroid function is vital to have a healthy reproduction system. Female sex hormones are altered due to hypothyroidism and hyperthyroidism. Female reproduction system is negatively manipulated by both hyperthyroidism and hypothyroidism and menstrual disorders are the ultimate concequences. Hypomenorrhea, polymenorrhea and oligomenorrhea are the clinical manifestation associated with hyperthyroidism and hypothyroidism, respectively. The female infertility is also adversely affected by thyrotoxicosis and myxedema, the clinical presentation of hyper and hypothyroidism. The simultaneous existence of autoimmunity which is present among some portion of pregnant women may aggravate the clinical manifestation of thyroid disorders in female reproductive physiology. Abortion, premature infants, low birth infant, are among clinical presentation of overt hypothyroidism. Auto antibody against thyroid stimulating hormone receptor and eventual hyperthyroidism considered as risk factors which require extra attention while the thyroid disorder is clinically managed during pregnancy to prevent the fetus from abnormal metabolism. The aim of this review is to elaborate the adverse role of hyperthyroidism and hypothyroidism in female reproduction physiology.
PDF Fulltext XML References Citation Report Citation
  •    A Review of Literature on Thyroid Hormone Disorders Originated from Extra Thyroidal Illness
  •    Liver Functional Behavior During Thyrotoxicosis: A Review
  •    A Review of Literatures on the Adverse Effects of Thyroid Abnormalities and Liver Disorders: An Overview on Liver Dysfunction and Hypothyroidism
  •    A Review on Hyperthyroidism: Thyrotoxicosis under Surveillance
  •    A Review on Post-Puberty Hypothyroidism: A Glance at Myxedema
  •    The Immune System which Adversely Alter Thyroid Functions: A Review on the Concept of Autoimmunity
  •    The State of Serum Lipids Profiles in Sub-Clinical Hypothyroidism: A Review of the Literature
How to cite this article:

Azad Reza Mansourian , 2013. Female Reproduction Physiology Adversely Manipulated by Thyroid Disorders: A Review of Literature. Pakistan Journal of Biological Sciences, 16: 112-120.

DOI: 10.3923/pjbs.2013.112.120








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