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Pakistan Journal of Biological Sciences
  Year: 2013 | Volume: 16 | Issue: 19 | Page No.: 1022-1027
DOI: 10.3923/pjbs.2013.1022.1027
 
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Effects of Beak Amputation and Sex on the Pecking Rate Damage and Performance Parameters of Turkey

I.B. Allinson, D.A. Ekunseitan, A.A. Ayoola, S.O. Iposu, O.M.O. Idowu, I.M. Ogunade and S.O. Osho

Abstract:
This study was carried out to evaluate the effect of sex and beak trimming on pecking and the performance of turkeys. Five hundred and forty unsexed, day old British United Turkey poults were was divided into 3 treatments based on beak trimming at 0, 1/4, 1/3 measured from the tip of the beak inwards with 3 replicates of 60 poults each experiment 1 while 480 turkeys (240 each of male and female) were transferred and allotted to 4 treatment groups of 120 birds each and 4 replicates of 30 turkeys each in experiment 2. Data on performance response and severity of pecking were taken and subjected to one-way analysis of variance in a completely randomised design (experiment 1) and 2x2 factorial layout (factors were sex and beak trimming). Results showed that beak trimming had no significant (p>0.05) effect on all the performance parameters of turkey poults except feed intake while sex and beak trimming had significant (p<0.05) effect on performance indices of turkey. Debeaked male and female recorded higher feed intake, protein intake and feed conversion ratio. There was higher rate of aggressive pecking among the Toms than in the Hens and severity of damage was higher in undebeaked turkeys than the debeaked. Beak trimming can greatly reduce the severity of damage caused by aggressive pecking and should be done twice (6 and 14th week) at 1/4 measured from the tip of the beak.
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How to cite this article:

I.B. Allinson, D.A. Ekunseitan, A.A. Ayoola, S.O. Iposu, O.M.O. Idowu, I.M. Ogunade and S.O. Osho, 2013. Effects of Beak Amputation and Sex on the Pecking Rate Damage and Performance Parameters of Turkey. Pakistan Journal of Biological Sciences, 16: 1022-1027.

DOI: 10.3923/pjbs.2013.1022.1027

URL: https://scialert.net/abstract/?doi=pjbs.2013.1022.1027

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