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Pakistan Journal of Biological Sciences
  Year: 2012 | Volume: 15 | Issue: 18 | Page No.: 854-862
DOI: 10.3923/pjbs.2012.854.862
Effect of Lead Nitrate on the Liver of the Cichlid Fish (Oreochromis niloticus): A Light Microscope Study
Bothaina M. Khidr, Imam A.A. Mekkawy, Ahmed S.A. Harabawy and Abdel Salam M.I. Ohaida

Abstract:
The adverse impacts of heavy metals on fish liver were evident with great variability among organs and species. The present study deals with the histological changes of the hepatocytes of the Nile tilapia, Oreochromis niloticus, following exposure to 2.5, 5, 10 ppm of lead nitrate for 1, 2, 3, 4 weeks. The present results revealed that lead nitrate exerts some histological effects on the hepatic tissue after exposure to the first concentration in the form of dilatation and congestion of the blood vessels, vacuolation of hepatic cells, proliferation of connective tissue and hepatic necrosis. Leucocyte aggregation-mostly lymphatic in nature-was seen infiltrating hepatic tissue. These alterations became more pronounced in liver of fishes exposed to second concentrations indicating more progressive signs of necrosis. The presence of eosinophilic oedematous areas surrounding some blood vessels was also observed. Finally, at the third concentration, in addition to the above alterations, melanomacrophages, which store lipofuscin at the site of necrosis, were observed. These histological results imply that the fish liver may serve as a target organ for the toxicity of sublethal concentrations of lead nitrate.
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How to cite this article:

Bothaina M. Khidr, Imam A.A. Mekkawy, Ahmed S.A. Harabawy and Abdel Salam M.I. Ohaida, 2012. Effect of Lead Nitrate on the Liver of the Cichlid Fish (Oreochromis niloticus): A Light Microscope Study. Pakistan Journal of Biological Sciences, 15: 854-862.

DOI: 10.3923/pjbs.2012.854.862

URL: https://scialert.net/abstract/?doi=pjbs.2012.854.862

 
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