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Pakistan Journal of Biological Sciences
  Year: 2012 | Volume: 15 | Issue: 7 | Page No.: 347-352
DOI: 10.3923/pjbs.2012.347.352
Nutritional Intervention on Malnutrition in 3-6 Years Old Rural Children in Qazvin Province, Iran
R. Zavoshy, M. Noroozi, H. Jahanihashemi and D. Kiamiri

Abstract:
Malnutrition is one of the major causes of mortality and morbidity in children. Not only include acute effects on children's health, but also it has long-term effects on their cognitive development and economic growth in the society. Wasting (weight for height with Z<-1) is one of the malnutrition indices in children. The aim of this study was to determine the effect of a cooked meal for 175 days on the anthropometric indices of weight, height and weight for height (wasting) of 3-6 years old children in all the rural nursery of Qazvin province, in Iran. In this interventional study, 2385 children (48.8% female and 51.2% male) were recruited. Data were collected by a census in 2010. The children were received a cooked meal based on 360±20 kcal energy, 17% protein, 53% carbohydrate and 30% fat per day for 175 days at lunch time. The anthropometric indices were collected before and after the intervention. The results were analyzed using paired t-test by SPSS V.16 software. Prevalence of wasting (mild and moderate) and (sever malnutrition) after intervention reduced from 14.2 and 0.95-12.6 and 0.5%, respectively (p<0.05). Receiving a cooked meal significantly decreased wasting (15.2-13.2%) in all children (p<0.05). Nutritional intervention with cooked meal for 175 days had significant reduction in wasting in all children.
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How to cite this article:

R. Zavoshy, M. Noroozi, H. Jahanihashemi and D. Kiamiri, 2012. Nutritional Intervention on Malnutrition in 3-6 Years Old Rural Children in Qazvin Province, Iran. Pakistan Journal of Biological Sciences, 15: 347-352.

DOI: 10.3923/pjbs.2012.347.352

URL: https://scialert.net/abstract/?doi=pjbs.2012.347.352

 
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