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Pakistan Journal of Biological Sciences
  Year: 2011 | Volume: 14 | Issue: 12 | Page No.: 693-697
DOI: 10.3923/pjbs.2011.693.697
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Germination of Astragalus hamosus L. and Coronilla scorpioides (L.) as Influenced by Temperature

A. Zoghlami Khelil and H. Hassen et S. Benyoussef

Seed germination of two pasture legumes was tested under dark conditions at three alternating temperatures of 5-20, 15-20, 20-35°C and constant 20°C. Duration of the alternating temperatures was 12 h. The seedling counts were checked every day during four weeks. Species differed significantly in germination response to temperature. A. hamosus was more sensitive to temperature than C. scorpioides. The temperature of 20-35°C was more favourable for the germination of A. hamosus than constant 20°C which markedly reduced its germination. The interaction between accessions and temperatures for total germination was significant in both species. In A. hamosus, almost 50% of germination was achieved by all accessions by the first week at alternating 20-35°C temperature while in C. scorpioides, average total germination was significantly low (4%) even by the 28th day. A total rate of 11 and 9% of germination were recorded by two accessions from Ouesslatia (210) and Agareb (19), respectively. A considerable variation for germination was observed among accessions of both species. Temperature requirements for seed germination of the studied species suggest why they are relatively easy or difficult to establish in the field. A. hamosus, with very small seeds required relatively high alternating temperature for germination than C. scorpioides which was insensitive to temperature and has relatively bigger seeds.
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How to cite this article:

A. Zoghlami Khelil and H. Hassen et S. Benyoussef, 2011. Germination of Astragalus hamosus L. and Coronilla scorpioides (L.) as Influenced by Temperature. Pakistan Journal of Biological Sciences, 14: 693-697.

DOI: 10.3923/pjbs.2011.693.697






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