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Pakistan Journal of Biological Sciences
  Year: 2011 | Volume: 14 | Issue: 12 | Page No.: 668-681
DOI: 10.3923/pjbs.2011.668.681
 
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Effect of Polluted Water from the Egyptian Eastern Mediterranean Coast on Reproductive, Toxicological and Hematological Characteristics of Siganus rivulatus

S.G. Moharram, O.M. Wahbi and Z.A. El-Greisy

Abstract:
The impact of diluted levels of polluted seawater from the Egyptian Mediterranean coast on reproductive, toxicological and hematological characteristics of Siganus rivulatus were determined. Mature fish were exposed to diluted levels of 7.5, 10 and 15 ml L-1 polluted seawater. Hematological changes after 4, 15 and 30 days of exposure were measured. Erythrocytes decreased (p<0.05) as well as Packed Cell Volume (PCV) and Hemoglobin (Hb), indicating anemia developed to hypochromic macrocytic anemia at end of experiment. Leukocytes, increased (p<0.05), indicating susceptibility of fish to infection and stress. Granulocytic leukocytes, neutrophil and eosinophil increased. While lymphocytes decreased. Blood parameters of exposed fish revealed compensatory responses. The increase in developing hemocytoplast and myelocytes emphasize the compensatory and defensive reaction of fish to polluted water. Exposure to polluted water levels has a detrimental effect on gonads development, altered endocrine haemostasis, testosterone and progesterone levels decreased in females (p<0.05). While in male, progesterone level increased (p<0.01). Necrosis of spermatogenic cells and atresia of developing oocytes are pronounced at levels of 10 and 15 ml L-1 polluted seawater. Also, has necrotic effect on fish organs. Vacuolation and necrosis occurs in liver and kidney. Melanomacrophage aggregates can be seen. Gills showed epithetial lifting and vascular widening. Results showed that, polluted water has serious consequences on Siganus rivulatus blood characteristics as well as organs cellular structure. It rendered fish anemiatic, altered reproductive hormones level, leading to necrosis of males spermatogenic cells and atresia of developing oocytes.
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How to cite this article:

S.G. Moharram, O.M. Wahbi and Z.A. El-Greisy, 2011. Effect of Polluted Water from the Egyptian Eastern Mediterranean Coast on Reproductive, Toxicological and Hematological Characteristics of Siganus rivulatus . Pakistan Journal of Biological Sciences, 14: 668-681.

DOI: 10.3923/pjbs.2011.668.681

URL: https://scialert.net/abstract/?doi=pjbs.2011.668.681

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