Subscribe Now Subscribe Today
Science Alert
Curve Top
Pakistan Journal of Biological Sciences
  Year: 2011 | Volume: 14 | Issue: 7 | Page No.: 412-424
DOI: 10.3923/pjbs.2011.412.424
Facebook Twitter Digg Reddit Linkedin StumbleUpon E-mail

A Review on the Metabolic Disorders of Iodine Deficiency

Azad Reza Mansourian

Iodine is in the crucial parts of two hormones of T4 and T3 produced by the thyroid glands which are essential for all the aspects of human metabolisms. It is demonstrated that iodine deficiency can be considered as sole cause of many thyroid abnormalities including mental disorders. Iodine deficiency of sufficient degree to cause hypothyroidism during fetus life and early infancy will be accompanied with brain abnormality possibly to the stage of mental retardation. The iodine deficiency among subjects in their early stage of childhood is not as severe as those in their fetus or infancy. In adult subjects the sever iodine deficiency can be also associated with mental disorders due to the direct side effects of hypothyroidism occurred by lack of iodine. The clinical manifestation of iodine deficiency show itself with psychological disorders in adult subjects. The status of iodine within blood can be evaluated through measurement of urinary iodine level and the low urinary concentration is an indicative of hypothyroidism. Mental retardation and brain damage due to iodine deficiency can be prevented if iodine supplementation prescribed duly on time.
PDF Fulltext XML References Citation Report Citation
  •    A Review of Literature on Thyroid Hormone Disorders Originated from Extra Thyroidal Illness
  •    Liver Functional Behavior During Thyrotoxicosis: A Review
  •    Clinical Diagnostic Laboratory Play a Crucial Role in the Management of Thyroid Disorders: A Literature Review
  •    A Review of Literatures on the Adverse Effects of Thyroid Abnormalities and Liver Disorders: An Overview on Liver Dysfunction and Hypothyroidism
  •    Maternal Dietary Iodide Influences Turkey Embryo Thyroid Function
  •    A Review on Hyperthyroidism: Thyrotoxicosis under Surveillance
  •    Metabolic Pathways of Tetraidothyronine and Triidothyronine Production by Thyroid Gland: A Review of Articles
  •    The Immune System which Adversely Alter Thyroid Functions: A Review on the Concept of Autoimmunity
How to cite this article:

Azad Reza Mansourian , 2011. A Review on the Metabolic Disorders of Iodine Deficiency. Pakistan Journal of Biological Sciences, 14: 412-424.

DOI: 10.3923/pjbs.2011.412.424






Curve Bottom