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Pakistan Journal of Biological Sciences
  Year: 2011 | Volume: 14 | Issue: 2 | Page No.: 133-137
DOI: 10.3923/pjbs.2011.133.137
 
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Seroepidemiological Survey of Helminthic Parasites of Stray Dogs in Sari City, Northern Iran

Shirzad Gholami, Ahmad Daryani, Mehdi Sharif, Afsaneh Amouei and Iraj Mobedi

Abstract:
The objective of this study was to determine the prevalence rate of helminthic parasites in stray dogs' population especially zoonotic infections and to identify potential risk factors in the different areas of Sari city in Caspian area, north of Iran. During the period from April to September 2007, 50 stray dogs were collected from urban areas of Sari city. Recovered parasites were fixed in alcohol and stained by carmine then observed by microscope. The taxonomic study was carried out by measuring different parts of the body of helminthes and statistical tests were performed using the Chi-square test. A total of 27 adult and 23 juvenile stray dogs were collected and the overall prevalence rate of infection was 90%. The three most common helminthes were Toxocara canis (60%), Ancylostoma caninum (46%) and Dipylidium caninum (36%). Other parasites were Uncinaria stenocephala (12%), Taenia hydatigena (6%), Spirocerca lupi (6%), Dirofilaria immitis (6%), Toxascaris leonina (2%), Rictularia sp. (2%), Taenia ovis (2%) and Taenia taeniformis (2%). Five species of zoonotic helminthes recovered were T. canis, A. caninum, U. stenocephala, D. caninum and D. immitis. Hookworm infections (58%) were more common significantly in the young stray dogs (p<0.01). In regard to prevalence of A. caninum, T. canis and U. stenocephala, there was significant difference between juvenile and adult dogs (p<0.05). The results highlight the potential role of stray dogs for transmission of helminthic parasites particularly zoonotic parasites that are a significant risk to human health.
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How to cite this article:

Shirzad Gholami, Ahmad Daryani, Mehdi Sharif, Afsaneh Amouei and Iraj Mobedi, 2011. Seroepidemiological Survey of Helminthic Parasites of Stray Dogs in Sari City, Northern Iran. Pakistan Journal of Biological Sciences, 14: 133-137.

DOI: 10.3923/pjbs.2011.133.137

URL: https://scialert.net/abstract/?doi=pjbs.2011.133.137

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