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Pakistan Journal of Biological Sciences
  Year: 2010 | Volume: 13 | Issue: 15 | Page No.: 753-756
DOI: 10.3923/pjbs.2010.753.756
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Prevalence and Underlying Etiologies of Neonatal Hypoglycemia

N. Najati and L. Saboktakin

This study aims at determining the prevalence of neonatal hypoglycemia and its underlying causes. In this prospective study 14168 newborns delivered in Tabriz Alzahra Hospital during 2 years were evaluated in regard to blood glucose level at first 24 h of life. Glucose oxidase method with 4-amino-phenazone with a Greiner G-300 was the used method for determining the blood glucose level. Cases with blood glucose <50 mg dL-1 were considered as hypoglycemic newborns. Underlying causes of this condition, as well as the short-term mortality rate were determined. Prevalence of neonatal hypoglycemia was 0.4% (52 newborns). Underlying causes of hypoglycemia were prematurity (61.5%), diabetic mother (13.6%), septicemia (9.6%), perinatal asphyxia (9.6%), stress (3.8%) and neonatal hyperinsulinism (1.9%). The mortality rate was 53.8%, with prematurity as the leading cause of death.
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How to cite this article:

N. Najati and L. Saboktakin, 2010. Prevalence and Underlying Etiologies of Neonatal Hypoglycemia. Pakistan Journal of Biological Sciences, 13: 753-756.

DOI: 10.3923/pjbs.2010.753.756






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