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Pakistan Journal of Biological Sciences
  Year: 2010 | Volume: 13 | Issue: 4 | Page No.: 170-174
DOI: 10.3923/pjbs.2010.170.174
 
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Study on Total Phenolic Contents and their Antioxidant Activities of Thai White, Red and Black Rice Bran Extracts

N. Muntana and S. Prasong

Abstract:
In this study, different brans of Thai rice cultivars which were divided into 3 groups: white color (Hom mali 105, Supan, Saohai, Hom chaiya and Hom jun), red color (3256, GS 18003, 21606, 21699 and 5718) and black color (96041-20, 96051-37, 96004-49, 96023-35 and 96065-42) were investigated their Total Phenolic Content (TPC) and antioxidant activities. The rice brans were firstly extracted using methanol. The extracts were analyzed using Folin-Ciocalteau method for total phenolic content while thiocyanate method and 1, 1-diphenyl-2-picrylhydrasyl (DPPH) free radical-scavenging assay were used for antioxidant activities determination. The results indicated that the total phenolic content of white, red and black rice bran extract were in the range of 0.8931-0.9884, 1.0103-1.0494 and 1.0810-1.2239 mg gallic acid equivalent (GAE mg-1), respectively. With thiocyanate method, percentage inhibition were in the range of 10.15-20.68, 30.64-38.80 and 25.52-26.28 for white, red and black rice bran extract, respectively. With DPPH radical-scavenging assay, methanolic extract of 5718 showed the highest (IC50=0.0057 mg mL-1) while Homchaiya showed the lowest (IC50=0.2582 mg mL-1) activities. All of extracts showed lower activity than BHA (IC50=0.0012 mg mL-1). However, the antioxidant activity of all rice bran extracts indicated high antioxidant efficiency in the following order: red>black>white color rice brans. It is a promising that Thai rice bran are potential antioxidant sources.
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How to cite this article:

N. Muntana and S. Prasong, 2010. Study on Total Phenolic Contents and their Antioxidant Activities of Thai White, Red and Black Rice Bran Extracts. Pakistan Journal of Biological Sciences, 13: 170-174.

DOI: 10.3923/pjbs.2010.170.174

URL: https://scialert.net/abstract/?doi=pjbs.2010.170.174

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