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Pakistan Journal of Biological Sciences
  Year: 2009 | Volume: 12 | Issue: 5 | Page No.: 439-442
DOI: 10.3923/pjbs.2009.439.442
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Clinical Finding and Outcome in Suicidal Attempt Due to Intravenous Injection of Kerosene

Aref Hosseinian Amiri, Mohammad Javad Tarrahi and Alireza Rafiei

The aim of this study was to describe the clinical findings and outcome in suicidal attempted due to intravenous injection of kerosene. This case series study was conducted in the Department of Internal Medicine, Shohada Ashayer Hospital, Khorramabad, Iran during 8 years. Ten IV drug addicts who intravenously injected themselves with Kerosene were collected. All patients admitted in ICU, completely monitored for cardiopulmonary status and consulted with pulmonologist, cardiologist, neurologist, anesthesiologist and dermatologist. Therapeutic decision including intubation, antibiotics therapy, and oxygen, correction of water and electrolyte disturbances was applied according patients condition. The data were analyzed with fisher-exact test. Nine (90%) patients were male, 1(10%) was female. All cases were attempted suicides and IV drug abusers. Mean age was 20.3±2 years. The patients’ mean arrival time to the hospital after poisoning was 1.1 h. Death of 5(50%) patients was related to the higher doses (>5 mL) of intravenous injection of kerosene, the most clinical findings were related to pulmonary involvement with pulmonary edema and subsequent cardiac and neurological complications and phlebitis due to IV injection. Intravenous kerosene injection causes major injury to the lungs, the organ bearing the first capillary bed encountered. Other complications including cardiac and neurological seems to be related to severe hypoxia and other metabolic disturbances due to lung injury. The amounts of kerosene were major determinants of lethality. Early and aggressive supportive care might be conducive to a favorable outcome with minimal residual pulmonary squeal at least in patients with injection of less than 5 mL of kerosene.
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How to cite this article:

Aref Hosseinian Amiri, Mohammad Javad Tarrahi and Alireza Rafiei, 2009. Clinical Finding and Outcome in Suicidal Attempt Due to Intravenous Injection of Kerosene. Pakistan Journal of Biological Sciences, 12: 439-442.

DOI: 10.3923/pjbs.2009.439.442






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