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Pakistan Journal of Biological Sciences
  Year: 2009 | Volume: 12 | Issue: 14 | Page No.: 1045-1048
DOI: 10.3923/pjbs.2009.1045.1048
 
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Effect of Neem (Azardirachta indica A. Juss) Seeds and Leaves Extract on Some Plant Pathogenic Fungi
M.A. Moslem and E.M. El-Kholie

Abstract:
In this study plant pathogenic fungi Alternaria solani, Fusarium oxysporum, Rhizoctonia solani and Sclerotinia sclerotiorum were chosen to study the effect of ethanolic, hexane and methanolic extracts of neem seeds and leaves. Antifungal effects of neem leave and seed extracts obtained by ethanol, hexane and ptrolium ether were examined separately in vitro against Fusarium oxysporum, Rhizoctonia solani, Alternaria solani and Sclerotinia sclerotiorum. Results indicated that seeds and leaves extracts could cause growth inhibition of tested fungi, although the rate of inhibition of tested fungi varied with different extracts and concentrations. But all these extracts and concentrations of extract inhibited the growth of pathogenic fungi at a significant level. Azadirachtin, nimonol and expoxyazdirodione were detected from neem extract by using High Performance Liquid Chromatography (HPLC). We can conclude that neem leave and seed extracts were effective as antifungal against all tested fungi but F. oxysporum and R. solani were the most sensitive fungi.
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How to cite this article:

M.A. Moslem and E.M. El-Kholie, 2009. Effect of Neem (Azardirachta indica A. Juss) Seeds and Leaves Extract on Some Plant Pathogenic Fungi. Pakistan Journal of Biological Sciences, 12: 1045-1048.

DOI: 10.3923/pjbs.2009.1045.1048

URL: https://scialert.net/abstract/?doi=pjbs.2009.1045.1048

 
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