Subscribe Now Subscribe Today
Science Alert
 
Blue
   
Curve Top
Pakistan Journal of Biological Sciences
  Year: 2008 | Volume: 11 | Issue: 5 | Page No.: 726-732
DOI: 10.3923/pjbs.2008.726.732
 
Facebook Twitter Digg Reddit Linkedin StumbleUpon E-mail

In vitro Regeneration of Irvingia gabonensis by Somatic Embryogenesis

Fotso , Oumar , Niemenak Nicolas, Donfagsiteli Tchinda Nehemie and Omokolo Ndoumou Denis

Abstract:
A productive genotype of Irvingia gabonensis were cultured in vitro for induction embryogenic calli, somatic embryogenesis and regeneration of plantlets. Fragments of young leaves were used as primary explants. Callogenesis was initiated by culture of explants during 30 days on Murashige and Skoog medium half strength (MS/2) supplemented with 1-6 mg L-1 of 2,4-dichlorophenoxyacetic acid (2,4-D). The highest percentage of explants forming calli is 85.1% at 3 mg L-1 of 2,4-D. Somatic embryos were obtained after a sub-culture of embryogenic calli during 60 days on MS/2 supplemented with 1-3 mg L-1 of BAP. The highest percentage of embryogenic calli which differentiates somatic embryos is 63.8 ± 2.3% at 1 mg L-1 of 6-benzylaminopurine (BAP). The highest number of somatic embryos per callus which is 43.6 is obtained with 2 mg L-1 of this phytohormone. When isolated from calli and sub-cultured during 30 days on MS/2 supplemented with 2 mg L-1 of BAP, somatic embryos germinate with a highest percentage of 83%. The sub-culture of germinated somatic embryos on the same Basal Medium (BM) supplemented with 4 mg L-1 of BAP and 2 mg L-1 of Naphthalene Acetic Acid (NAA) during 80 days gives rise to the plantlets with 82.7 ±4.8% of success. With this combination, each plantlet has average length of 5.6 cm, bears 3.3 leaves and 7.2 roots with 1 or 2 pivoting roots. Plantlets acclimatized on a mixture sterilized soil/vermiculite at equal volume survive at 93%. Results of this study constitute a new way for a production of Irvingia gabonensis seedlings with pivoting root and they permit to arrest the difficulties of natural and horticultural reproduction.
PDF Fulltext XML References Citation Report Citation
How to cite this article:

Fotso , Oumar , Niemenak Nicolas, Donfagsiteli Tchinda Nehemie and Omokolo Ndoumou Denis, 2008. In vitro Regeneration of Irvingia gabonensis by Somatic Embryogenesis. Pakistan Journal of Biological Sciences, 11: 726-732.

DOI: 10.3923/pjbs.2008.726.732

URL: https://scialert.net/abstract/?doi=pjbs.2008.726.732

COMMENT ON THIS PAPER
 
 
 

 

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 

Curve Bottom