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Pakistan Journal of Biological Sciences
  Year: 2008 | Volume: 11 | Issue: 2 | Page No.: 260-264
DOI: 10.3923/pjbs.2008.260.264
 
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Epidemiological Aspects of Pediculosis capitis and Treatment Evaluation in Primary-School Children in Iran

Mohammad Motovali-Emami, Mohammad Reza Aflatoonian, Alireza Fekri and Mahbobeh Yazdi

Abstract:

This study was undertaken to assess the prevalence of and epidemiological factors associated with, head lice infections in Iranian primary schools in 2006 and evaluate data on the therapeutic efficacy of lindane shampoo. A total of 40586 children (19774 boys (48.72%) and 20812 girls (51.28%)] from 198 Government primary schools in Kerman, were screened for head lice between March and June 2006. The diagnosis of head lice infestation was confirmed by clinical inspection of scalp and hair for the presence of adult lice nymphal stage, or eggs (nit) by line-toothed head lice comb. All children infested with lice were treated with lindane shampoo (1% gamma benzene hexachloride). The overall prevalence of head lice infestation was 1.8%. The prevalence of infestation was significantly higher in girls (2.9%) than in boys (0.6%) (p = 0.000). The infestation rate was greater among pupils who were living in rural areas (4.6%) than in urban areas (1.5%). Of the 721 children with a positive examination result, 424 pupils (58.8%) were reported as having been infested with head lice in the previous 6 months. Mother`s education level was a significant risk factor in this model (p<0.05). At 2 weeks after the primary treatment, the success rates of treatment were 49%. Comprehensive survey in our work showed the better future of the disease and related factors. Education campaigns by health care officials, physicians and teachers are expected to be helpful for head lice control. It is essential that governments should be supported form cooperation between the school authorities and public health centers to successful control head lice infestation in primary school. Also there is an urgent need to identify safe, novel insecticides for proved efficacy.

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How to cite this article:

Mohammad Motovali-Emami, Mohammad Reza Aflatoonian, Alireza Fekri and Mahbobeh Yazdi, 2008. Epidemiological Aspects of Pediculosis capitis and Treatment Evaluation in Primary-School Children in Iran. Pakistan Journal of Biological Sciences, 11: 260-264.

DOI: 10.3923/pjbs.2008.260.264

URL: https://scialert.net/abstract/?doi=pjbs.2008.260.264

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