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Pakistan Journal of Biological Sciences
  Year: 2008 | Volume: 11 | Issue: 22 | Page No.: 2573-2578
DOI: 10.3923/pjbs.2008.2573.2578
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Effects of Mepyramine and Famotidine on the Physostigmine-Induced Antinociception in the Formalin Test in Rats

A. Mojtahedin, E. Tamaddonfard and A. Zanbouri

In this study, the effects of mepyramine (H1-receptor antagonist), famotidine (H2-receptor antagonist), physostigmine (a cholinesterase inhibitor) and atropine (muscarinic-receptor antagonist) have investigated on the formalin-induced nociception in rats. The effects of mepyramine and famotidine have also examined on nociceptive changes induced by physostigmine and atropine. Nociception was induced by intraplantar injection of formalin (50 μL, 1%) into the right hind paw and the time spent licking and biting of the injected paw, was taken as a measure of pain. Formalin induced a marked biphasic (first phase: 0-5 min and second phase: 15-45 min) pain response. The used drugs did not change the first phase of formalin-induced pain. Subcutaneous injection of physostigmine significantly (p<0.05) suppressed pain. Subcutaneous injection of atropine alone did not change the intensity of pain, but pretreatment with atropine significantly (p<0.05) prevented physostigmine-induced antinociception. Intraperitoneal injections of mepyramine and famotidine significantly (p<0.05) decreased pain response. Mepyramine did not significantly change, but famotidine significantly (p<0.05) prevented analgesic effect of physostigmine on pain. Atropine did not inhibit the antinociceptive effects of both mepyramine and famotidine on formalin-induced nociception. These results indicate that physostigmine through muscarinic cholinergic receptors suppresses the pain induced by formalin. Both H1 and H2 receptor antagonists produce antinociception. Histamine H2, but no H1 antagonists may be involved in physostigmine-induced antinociception.
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How to cite this article:

A. Mojtahedin, E. Tamaddonfard and A. Zanbouri, 2008. Effects of Mepyramine and Famotidine on the Physostigmine-Induced Antinociception in the Formalin Test in Rats. Pakistan Journal of Biological Sciences, 11: 2573-2578.

DOI: 10.3923/pjbs.2008.2573.2578






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