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Pakistan Journal of Biological Sciences
  Year: 2008 | Volume: 11 | Issue: 22 | Page No.: 2532-2544
DOI: 10.3923/pjbs.2008.2532.2544
 
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Habitats and Plant Communities in the Nile Delta of Egypt I. Deltaic Mediterranean Coastal Habitat

I.A. Mashaly, I.E. El-Habashy, E.F. El-Halawany and G. Omar

Abstract:
The present study aims at investigating the vegetation-soil relationships in the Deltaic Mediterranean coastal land of Egypt. The Deltaic coast of the Mediterranean Sea of Egypt can be distinguished into five habitat types, namely: sand dunes, salt marshes, sand sheets, sandy fertile lands and lake shorelines (Manzala, Burullus and Idku). These habitats are categorized into four vegetation groups namely, group A dominated by Rumex pictus, group B codominated by Pancratium maritimum-Cyperus capitatus-Lolium perenne, group C codominated by Arthrocnemum macrostachyum-Atriplex portulacoides-Typha domingensis and group D codominated by Echinochloa stagnina-Typha domingensis-Phragmites australis. One hundred and thirty plant species are recorded in this coast and belonging to 38 families. Out of the recorded species, about 41.54% are annuals, 2.31% biennials and 56.15% perennials. The percentages of the life-form indicated that, therophytes attained the highest representation (43.85%). The floristic analysis revealed that, 55.38% of the recorded species are Mediterranean elements. The ecological amplitudes of the leading species along the gradient of edaphic factors are discussed.
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How to cite this article:

I.A. Mashaly, I.E. El-Habashy, E.F. El-Halawany and G. Omar, 2008. Habitats and Plant Communities in the Nile Delta of Egypt I. Deltaic Mediterranean Coastal Habitat. Pakistan Journal of Biological Sciences, 11: 2532-2544.

DOI: 10.3923/pjbs.2008.2532.2544

URL: https://scialert.net/abstract/?doi=pjbs.2008.2532.2544

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